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Early signs in young children predict type 1 diabetes

Photo: Measuring blood sugar [27/02/2015] New research shows that it is possible to predict the development of type 1 diabetes. By measuring the presence of autoantibodies in the blood, it is possible to detect whether the immune system has begun to break down the body's own insulin cells.Early signs in young children predict type 1 diabetes - Read more

25 percent of homeless people surveyed in Toronto report vision problems

Photo: Docotor screening the eyes of a patient [13/02/2015] Twenty-five per cent of homeless people surveyed in Toronto had vision problems up to and including blindness, four times higher than the rate of the overall population in North America, a new study by St. Michael's Hospital has found. 25 percent of homeless people surveyed in Toronto report vision problems - Read more

Pediatric artificial pancreas may help parents of children with Type 1 diabetes

Photo: Dassau and volunteers field test the adult artificial pancreas [11/02/2015] Frank Doyle, director of the Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies at UC Santa Barbara (UCSB), and his research group have developed an artificial pancreas, a combination of sensor technology and insulin pump, which, thanks to a control algorithm, reads levels of glucose and injects the appropriate amount of insulin based on the data, and the patient's individual characteristics.Pediatric artificial pancreas may help parents of children with Type 1 diabetes - Read more

Simple strategies lead to improvements in 1 year-olds at risk for autism

Photo: Child imitating mother's behavior [06/02/2015] A new study by University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill researchers finds that a collection of simple strategies used by parents can lead to significant improvements in one-year-olds at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Simple strategies lead to improvements in 1 year-olds at risk for autism - Read more

Support found for peer-mentoring diabetes management program

Photo: Two girls talking to each other [02/02/2015] Managing type 1 diabetes is a never-ending task that requires multiple blood glucose tests, carbohydrate calculations and insulin injections or infusions. This constant effort to control the disease is daunting at any age – and it's especially challenging for teens and young adults.Support found for peer-mentoring diabetes management program - Read more

Advanced 3-D facial imaging may aid in early detection of autism

Photo: Elderly woman with a young girl [19/01/2015] Early detection of autism in children is the key for treatments to be most effective and produce the best outcomes. Using advanced three-dimensional imaging and statistical analysis techniques, researchers at the University of Missouri have identified facial measurements in children with autism that may lead to a screening tool for young children and provide clues to its genetic causes.Advanced 3-D facial imaging may aid in early detection of autism - Read more

Pediatricians miss autism symptoms in brief checkups

Photo: Lead author and toddler [14/01/2015] As the rate of children with autism in the U.S. continues to grow, a new study published in top-ranked journal Pediatrics shows that medical professionals can't rely solely on their clinical judgment to detect autism risk.Pediatricians miss autism symptoms in brief checkups - Read more

Carers for the elderly experience stress and their careers suffer

Photo: Elderly woman with wheeled walker and a caregiver [07/01/2015] An ageing population means that increasing numbers of people need to spend time caring for elderly relatives. These carers experience high levels of stress; and if they are also in work, their careers are affected and their employers too could suffer if they lose the services of skilled people for sustained periods. Now, two University of Huddersfield researchers have begun to investigate.Carers for the elderly experience stress and their careers suffer - Read more