Image: Image shows map of modelled PM 2.5 concentration in the Augsburg area; Copyright: Helmholtz Zentrum München

Type 2 diabetes: Risk factor air pollution


Exposure to air pollution at the place of residence increases the risk of developing insulin resistance as a pre-diabetic state of type 2 diabetes.
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Photo: Elderly people prepare healthy food; Copyright: Resnick

Lower weight in late life may increase risk of Alzheimer's disease


Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have found an association between lower weight and more extensive deposits of the Alzheimer's-associated protein beta-amyloid in the brains of cognitively normal older individuals.
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Patient care can improve with technology in nursing homes


A significant part of the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act was the $25 billion invested in health information technology (IT) to improve quality and efficiency in health care. However, nursing homes did not receive the same level of investment in technology. A research from the University of Missouri shows increases in IT can lead to potential improvements in health care quality measures.
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Study finds connection between chronic pain and anxiety disorders


New research provides insight into a long-observed, but little-understood connection between chronic pain and anxiety and offers a potential target for treatment. The study's findings, show that increased expression of PACAP - a peptide neurotransmitter the body releases in response to stress - is also increased in response to neuropathic pain and contributes to these symptoms.
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Stopping exercise decreases brain blood flow


New research led by University of Maryland School of Public Health researchers examined cerebral blood flow in healthy, physically fit older adults before and after a 10-day period during which they stopped all exercise. Using MRI brain imaging techniques, they found a significant decrease in blood flow to several brain regions, after they stopped their exercise routines.
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Photo: Remote eye exams could improve access to care; Copyright: University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center

Telemedicine could improve eye exam access for people with diabetes


Electronic eye exams could become popular in the U.S. among patients who see them as an easy way to visit the eye doctor. After a nationwide telemedicine diabetic screening program in England and Wales, for example, diabetic retinopathy is no longer the leading cause of blindness there.
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Photo: Fall Prediction Image; Copyright: University of Missouri-Columbia

Sensor systems identify senior citizens at risk of falling within 3 weeks


Each year, millions of people-especially those 65 and older-fall. Such falls can be serious, leading to broken bones, head injuries, hospitalizations or even death. Now, researchers from the Sinclair School of Nursing and the College of Engineering at the University of Missouri found that sensors that measure in-home gait speed and stride length can predict likely falls.
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