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Arthritis: Elderly need just 45 minutes of activity per week


Older adults who live with arthritis need to keep moving to be functionally independent. But in an examination of a goal that is daunting for most of this aging population, a new Northwestern Medicine study found that performing even a third of the recommended activity is beneficial.
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PHAGO project to explore a new approach for patients with Alzheimer’s disease


On 1st November 2016 the Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) together with an association of industrial partners came together to support PHAGO, an innovative research project devoted to the development of immunomodulatory therapies for Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
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Photo: Brian Gomez works on building his arm strength; Copyright: Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center

Stimulator bypasses spine injury, helps patient move hands


Doctors at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center have implanted a spinal stimulator that is showing early promise in returning hand strength and movement to a California man who broke his neck in a dirt-biking accident five years ago.
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Photo: Neuroscience researchers Constantine Trahiotis, left, and Leslie R. Bernstein; Copyright: Janine Gelineau/UConn Health

Hidden hearing loss revealed by UConn School of Medicine researchers


Two researchers at UConn School of Medicine have developed a new hearing test that can identify hearing loss or deficits in some individuals considered to have normal or near-normal hearing in traditional tests.
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Photo: Hands holding a tablet with a gaming app; Copyright: Scott Areman

Studies suggest gaming your brain to treat depression


Researchers have found promising results for treating depression with a video game interface that targets underlying cognitive issues associated with depression rather than just managing the symptoms.
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Image: Two fingers are bending a transparent, flexible patch with micro needles; Copyright: KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Painless microneedle patch could replace needles


It's only a matter of time before drugs are administered via patches with painless microneedles instead of unpleasant injections. But designers need to balance the need for flexible, comfortable-to-wear material with effective microneedle penetration of the skin. Swedish researchers say they may have cracked the problem.
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Photo: Researcher with a ICU patient doing bicycle exercise in bed; Copyright: Marta Hewson/Photography

Physiotherapy: Cycling in bed is safe for ICU patients


Early bicycle exercise during their stay in a hospital intensive care unit (ICU) may help some patients recover more quickly. Researchers at McMaster University and St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton have demonstrated that physiotherapists can safely start in-bed cycling sessions with critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients early on in their ICU stay.
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Photo: Man moving a robotic arm with his mind; Copyright: College of Science and Engineering

How people can control a robotic arm with only their minds


Researchers at the University of Minnesota have made a major breakthrough that allows people to control a robotic arm using only their minds. The research has the potential to help millions of people who are paralyzed or have neurodegenerative diseases. The study is published online in "Scientific Reports", a Nature research journal.
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Photo: Researchers in a laboratory; Copyright: Marit Mitchell / U of T Engineering

Skin cells 'crawl' together to heal wounds treated with unique hydrogel layer


Time may not heal all wounds, but a proprietary mix of peptides and gel developed by U of T Engineering researchers heals most. A team led by Professor Milica Radisic has demonstrated for the first time that their peptide-hydrogel biomaterial prompts skin cells to "crawl" toward one another, closing chronic, non-healing wounds often associated with diabetes, such as bed sores and foot ulcers.
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Hispanic adults with diabetes could benefit from peer support interventions


Diabetes is a global health problem that disproportionally affects individuals of ethnic and racial minorities. Minorities are more likely to experience complications from the disease, and the death rate from diabetes among Hispanics is 50 percent higher than non-Hispanic whites, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health.
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Photo: An old man from behind, climbing stairs; Copyright: Bach

Alzheimer's: Targeted preventive measures for hip fracture


The hip fracture risk factors are generally similar among those with and without Alzheimer's disease, according to a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland. However, the incidence of hip fracture is higher among those with Alzheimer's disease, regardless of other characteristics.
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Photo: Alpha cell; Copyright: Cell Press

Breakthrough in diabetes research: Cells produce insulin instead upon artemisinin treatment


FDA-approved artemisinins, since decades used to treat malaria, transform glucagon-producing alpha cells in the pancreas into insulin producing cells – thereby acquiring features of beta cells, the cell type damaged in type 1 diabetes.
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Complications of type 2 diabetes affect quality of life


T2D Lifestyle, a national survey by Health Union of more than 400 individuals living with type 2 diabetes (T2D), reveals that patients not only struggle with commonly understood complications, but also numerous lesser known ones that people do not associate with diabetes.
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Psychological well-being and physical activity in older adults


Chapman University publishes research on psychological well-being and physical activity in older adults. They have found an associations between psychological well-being and physical activity in adults ages 50 and older.
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