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Sign language users have better reaction times


People who use British Sign Language (BSL) have better reaction times in their peripheral vision, a new study from the University of Sheffield has found. The findings, revealed by scientists from the University's Academic Unit of Ophthalmology and Orthoptics, show that hearing adults learning a visual-spatial language such as BSL has a positive impact on visual field response.
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Sitting not linked to incident diabetes


Sitting may not be as deadly as previously thought, with new research led by the University of Sydney ruling out sitting as a direct cause of diabetes.
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Yoga can be helpful for low back pain


Over the course of their lives, about 80 percent of Americans will have back pain at one time or another. A recent study found that more than a third of adults say that low back pain has affected their ability to perform the tasks of daily living, exercise, or sleep. Treating this pain remains a difficult problem, and for millions of people the pain is chronic.
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Photo: robotic prosthetic; Copyright: Imperial College London

Prosthetic arm technology that detects spinal nerve signals developed


Scientists have developed sensor technology for a robotic prosthetic arm that detects signals from nerves in the spinal cord.
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Photo: Jeffrey Litt, D.O.; Copyright: Justin Kelley, University of Missouri Health

New skin-graft system a better fix for chronic wounds


According to the National Institutes of Health, more than six million cases of chronic wounds cost $20 billion each year in the United States. Diabetic ulcers, pressure sores, surgical site wounds and traumatic injuries to high-risk patients account for most wounds that won't heal.
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Type 1 diabetes: Continuous glucose monitoring lowers blood sugar in the long term


Significantly decreased blood sugar levels over time - and increased well-being. These are just some of the results of a long-term study at Sahlgrenska Academy of continuous glucose monitoring in persons with type 1 diabetes.
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Mental activities may protect against mild cognitive impairment


Mayo Clinic researchers have found that engaging in mentally stimulating activities, even late in life, may protect against new-onset mild cognitive impairment, which is the intermediate stage between normal cognitive aging and dementia.
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What primary care providers should know about diabetic neuropathy


An estimated 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes develop some form of diabetic neuropathy, or the chronic nerve damage diabetes causes, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
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Photo: old woman taking a nap; Copyright: Möller

Link between sleep and cognitive impairment in the elderly


Daytime sleepiness is very common in the elderly with prevalence rates of up to 50 percent. Caused by sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), a disruption of normal breathing during sleep, these cause recurrent awakenings and subsequent excessive daytime sleepiness.
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Photo: Doctor puts acupuncture needle in the shoulder of a female patient; Copyright: BALAGUER

Acupuncture boosts effectiveness of standard medical care for chronic pain


Health specialists at the University of York have found than acupuncture treatment can boost the effectiveness of standard medical care, lessening the severity of chronic pain and depression.
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Photo: Charalompos Tzoulis; Copyright: University of Bergen

Getting closer to treatment for Parkinson's


A new Norwegian study shows new mechanisms behind Parkinson's disease, which can be key mechanisms for future treatment. More than 10 million people worldwide have Parkinson's disease. The cause of Parkinson's disease is unknown and thus no effective treatments exist.
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Photo: Scoliosis patient's back before and after six months of physical therapy; Copyright: University of Alberta

Scoliosis: Specialized physical therapy helps teens


For teens with scoliosis, a new study shows specialized physical therapy exercises can improve the curve of the spine, muscle endurance and quality of life, as researchers advocate for conservative management to be added to the standard of care for patients in Canada.
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Arthritis: Elderly need just 45 minutes of activity per week


Older adults who live with arthritis need to keep moving to be functionally independent. But in an examination of a goal that is daunting for most of this aging population, a new Northwestern Medicine study found that performing even a third of the recommended activity is beneficial.
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PHAGO project to explore a new approach for patients with Alzheimer’s disease


On 1st November 2016 the Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) together with an association of industrial partners came together to support PHAGO, an innovative research project devoted to the development of immunomodulatory therapies for Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
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Photo: Brian Gomez works on building his arm strength; Copyright: Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center

Stimulator bypasses spine injury, helps patient move hands


Doctors at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center have implanted a spinal stimulator that is showing early promise in returning hand strength and movement to a California man who broke his neck in a dirt-biking accident five years ago.
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Photo: Neuroscience researchers Constantine Trahiotis, left, and Leslie R. Bernstein; Copyright: Janine Gelineau/UConn Health

Hidden hearing loss revealed by UConn School of Medicine researchers


Two researchers at UConn School of Medicine have developed a new hearing test that can identify hearing loss or deficits in some individuals considered to have normal or near-normal hearing in traditional tests.
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