Photo: Laura Lewis, assistant professor in the College of Nursing and Health Sciences; Copyright: Sally McCay

Study brings undiagnosed adults living with autism out of the shadows

25/11/2016

For most of his life, Kevin Hughes has felt like an outsider. A loner as a child, the 65-year-old comedian struggled socially as a teenager and lacked friends as an adult, often offending people without knowing why.
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Photo: Cave art; Copyright: University of York

Research concerning autism and human evolutionary success

23/11/2016

A subtle change occurred in our evolutionary history 100,000 years ago which allowed people who thought and behaved differently - such as individuals with autism - to be integrated into society, academics from the University of York have concluded.
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Photo: Elderly woman using the internet; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Mikhail Lavrenov

Chronically ill women underusing online self-care resources

21/11/2016

Barriers to internet use may be preventing chronically ill middle-aged and older women from being as healthy as they otherwise could be, new research from Oregon State University suggests.
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Photo: phantom hand; Copyright: Osaka University

New insights into cause of phantom limb pain may have therapeutic benefits

21/11/2016

Phantom limb pain is the pain experienced following loss of a limb, either from injury or amputation. This sensation of pain was previously thought to be caused by abnormal plasticity in the sensorimotor cortex of the brain, and rehabilitative therapies have focused on restoring normal motor function to relieve the pain.
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Photo: Elderly man with his family; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Barabasa

Words matter when talking about Alzheimer's

18/11/2016

Using war metaphors in reference to Alzheimer's disease should be replaced with messages of resilience against a complex, age-associated condition that may not be fully defeatable, according to a team of researchers.
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Photo: Care-O-bot 4 with customers in a Saturn market; Copyright: Saturn

Care-O-bot 4 celebrates its premiere as shopping assistant

14/11/2016

In January 2015, Fraunhofer IPA presented a prototype of the "Care-O-bot 4" service robot. The charming helper is now proving its worth in the real world. "Paul" the robot has been greeting customer in Saturn-Markt Ingolstadt since the end of October 2016 and directing them towards their desired products.
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Photo: chart from Peptidpeaks; Copyright: Helmholtz Zentrum München

Proteins as an early warning system for type 1 diabetes?

14/11/2016

Certain proteins in the blood of children can predict incipient type 1 diabetes, even before the first symptoms appear. A team of scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München, partners in the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), reported these findings in the ‘Diabetologia’ journal.
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Photo: Pregnant woman eating healthy food; Copyright: panthermedia.net/evasilchenko

Maternal B12 deficiency may increase child's risk of type 2 diabetes

11/11/2016

B12 deficiency during pregnancy may predispose children to metabolic problems such as type-2 diabetes, according to research presented today at the Society for Endocrinology's annual Conference in Brighton. These findings could lead to a review of current vitamin B12 requirements for pregnant women, whether through an improved diet or supplements.
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Photo: Elderly man exercising on a treadmill; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Diego Cervo

Combined training may prevent falls associated with Parkinson's and other disorders

09/11/2016

A combination of virtual reality and treadmill training may prove effective in preventing dangerous falls associated with aging, Parkinson's disease, mild cognitive impairment or dementia, according to a new Tel Aviv University-Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (TASMC) study published in The Lancet.
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Photo: Elderly couple making smoothie; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Dmitriy Shironosov

Exercise and healthy diets associated with better cognitive functioning

09/11/2016

Findings published this week in the Journal of Public Health reveal that both younger and older Canadian adults who engage in regular physical activity, consume more fruits and vegetables and are normal weight or overweight have overall better cognitive functioning.
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Photo: 3D structures made of TPU for insoles; Copyright: Fraunhofer IWM

3D printing: customized insoles for diabetes patients

07/11/2016

In the past, insoles for patients with diabetes were hand-made by orthopedic shoemakers. In the future, these specialist shoemakers will be able to produce insoles more cost-effectively thanks to new software and the use of 3D printers. This approach means the mechanical properties of each insole can be assessed scientifically and more effectively.
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Photo: Elderly adults exercising with Thera-Band; Copyright: Hospital for Special Surgery

Mild exercise helps decrease pain and improve activity level in older adults

04/11/2016

Researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) found that a low-impact exercise program in senior centers in New York City's Chinatown and Flushing, Queens communities helped decrease pain, improve mobility and enhance quality of life for many participants.
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Image: boy trying to learn; Copyright: panthermedia.net / Mizina

Children with autism may be over-diagnosed with ADHD

31/10/2016

A well-established screening tool used to assess children for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be less accurate when a child has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
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Photo: Elderly man is wearing Virtual Reality goggles in a park; Copyright: panthermedia.net/filipefrazao

Virtual experience gets the elderly to exercise

28/10/2016

Virtual Reality can get the elderly in nursing homes to be happier about exercising. A new research project from Aalborg University shows that the technology motivates older people in nursing homes to get moving.
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Photo: Research lab; Copyright: panthermedia.net/.shock

UKE scientists identify one cause of inflammatory bowel disease

26/10/2016

Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s disease are increasingly common inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Scientists of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), Yale University and the Collaborative Research Centre 841 (CRC 841) have identified a novel molecular mechanism that contributes to intestinal tissue damage and inflammation.
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Photo: Different wheelchairs; Copyright: Messe Düsseldorf/ctillmann

Wheelchair of the future: smart and multi-functional

26/10/2016

A wheelchair controller that automatically avoids obstacles and knows when the user is tired or stressed is being developed by researchers in India. Details are described in the International Journal of Human Factors Modelling and Simulation.
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Photo: young woman trying to learn; Copyright: panthermedia.net/GaudiLab

Study estimates ADHD symptom persistence into adulthood

24/10/2016

Sixty percent of children with ADHD in a recent study demonstrated persistence of symptoms into their mid-20's, and 41 percent had both symptoms and impairment as young adults. Investigators noted that rates of ADHD persistence into adulthood have varied greatly in earlier studies, depending on how information is collected and analyzed.
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Photo: two older women talking to each other; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Tatiana Gladskikh

It's not your ears, it's your brain

21/10/2016

"Could you repeat that?" The reason you may have to say something twice when talking to older family members at Thanksgiving dinner may not be because of their hearing.
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Photo: MRI image showing the multivariate brain; Copyright: Cognitive and Affective Control Laboratory/University of Colorado Boulder

Neural signature for fibromyalgia may aid diagnosis, treatment

19/10/2016

University of Colorado Boulder researchers have discovered a brain signature that identifies fibromyalgia sufferers with 93 percent accuracy, a potential breakthrough for future clinical diagnosis and treatment of the highly prevalent condition.
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Photo: A smiling baby; Copyright:panthermedia.net/mschalke

Children with skull deformity: Measurement can help

17/10/2016

A baby's skull is made of several plates of bone that fuse together over time to form a single structure. Previous research has shown that approximately one in 2,000 babies have plates that fuse too early - a condition called craniosynostosis - causing cranial deformities that can lead to learning impairments and other neurodevelopmental problems.
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Photo: Doctor pointing at MRI scan; Copyright: Raul De La Cruz / TTUHSC El Paso

Study finds Alzheimer's manifests differently in Hispanics

17/10/2016

Certain symptoms associated with the development of Alzheimer's disease, including agitation and depression, affect Hispanics more frequently and severely than other ethnicities. The findings, published in the Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience (JNCN), suggest that Alzheimer's disease manifests itself differently in Hispanic populations.
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Photo: Young woman with glasses standing outside and dreaming; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Alexander Nedorez

People with autism more likely to 'follow their heads and not their hearts'

14/10/2016

Scientists at King's College London have shown why people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more logical in their decision-making and less susceptible to the so-called 'Framing Effect' compared to people who do not have ASD.
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Photo: Man checking his blood pressure; Copyright: panthermedia.net/cupertinoo

High blood pressure and brain health are linked

12/10/2016

High blood pressure, especially in middle age, is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment later in life, according to a new statement from the American Heart Association.
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Photo: Cover photo of the new report; Copyright: International Osteoporosis Foundation

Millions of people with osteoporosis remain undiagnosed and untreated

12/10/2016

An International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) report issued for World Osteoporosis Day on October 20 identifies 10 major care gaps and solutions to the global healthcare crisis arising from fragility fractures.
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