Photo: Three scientists standing in a row; Copyright: RUB, Kramer

Alzheimer's research: Poison in the brain

26/09/2016

The following factors facilitate the formation of putatively toxic structures in the neuronal nuclei of Alzheimer's patients. Spherical structures in the nucleus of nerve cells, so-called nuclear spheres, are suspected to trigger Alzheimer's disease.
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Photo: Man holding his hands against his head; Copyright: panthermedia/Oleg Dudko

Study examines risk factors for depression after stroke

26/09/2016

During the first three months after stroke, the risk for depression was eight times higher than in a reference population of people without stroke, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry. More than 10 million people had a stroke in 2013 and more than 30 million people worldwide live with a stroke diagnosis
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Photo: Dr. Martin Fuhrmann; Copyright: DZNE/www.schmelz-fotodesign.de

Alzheimer’s: Cellular mechanism provides explanation model for declining memory performance

21/09/2016

Alzheimer’s disease triggers memory and learning disorders. To date, the causes are poorly understood. Now, researchers of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) are shedding light on a possible mechanism.
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Photo: Young engineer is working at a wheelchair in a lab; Copyright: HERL/Michael Lain

The "MeBot" robotic wheelchair can climb steps on its own

21/09/2016

Pittsburgh-based Human Engineering Research Lab (HERL) has developed the first ever robotic wheelchair - the MeBot - capable of climbing steps and mounting curbs on its own. The innovation came up against other systems at the first Cybathlon, which will take place at ETH Zürich in Kloten, Switzerland on October 8.
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Image: Image shows map of modelled PM 2.5 concentration in the Augsburg area; Copyright: Helmholtz Zentrum München

Type 2 diabetes: Risk factor air pollution

12/09/2016

Exposure to air pollution at the place of residence increases the risk of developing insulin resistance as a pre-diabetic state of type 2 diabetes.
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Photo: Elderly people prepare healthy food; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Joshua Resnick

Lower weight in late life may increase risk of Alzheimer's disease

07/09/2016

Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have found an association between lower weight and more extensive deposits of the Alzheimer's-associated protein beta-amyloid in the brains of cognitively normal older individuals.
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Photo: Model of a Sclerostin-fragment; Copyright: University of Würzburg

Osteoporosis: Antibody crystallized

05/09/2016

Osteoporosis particularly affects elderly women: the bone's structure weakens and the risk of suffering fractures rises. As prophylaxis patients are advised to have a healthy diet and perform physical exercises; when the risk of bone fractures is high, medicine preventing further bone loss is prescribed in addition.
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Photo: Women looking sad and thoughtful; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Wavebreakmedia

Study finds connection between chronic pain and anxiety disorders

02/09/2016

New research provides insight into a long-observed, but little-understood connection between chronic pain and anxiety and offers a potential target for treatment. The study's findings, show that increased expression of PACAP - a peptide neurotransmitter the body releases in response to stress - is also increased in response to neuropathic pain and contributes to these symptoms.
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Photo: Head CT of a patient ; Copyright: panthermedia.net/sudok1

Stopping exercise decreases brain blood flow

31/08/2016

New research led by University of Maryland School of Public Health researchers examined cerebral blood flow in healthy, physically fit older adults before and after a 10-day period during which they stopped all exercise. Using MRI brain imaging techniques, they found a significant decrease in blood flow to several brain regions, after they stopped their exercise routines.
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Photo: Remote eye exams could improve access to care; Copyright: University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center

Telemedicine could improve eye exam access for people with diabetes

31/08/2016

Electronic eye exams could become popular in the U.S. among patients who see them as an easy way to visit the eye doctor. After a nationwide telemedicine diabetic screening program in England and Wales, for example, diabetic retinopathy is no longer the leading cause of blindness there.
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Photo: Fall Prediction Image; Copyright: University of Missouri-Columbia

Sensor systems identify senior citizens at risk of falling within 3 weeks

29/08/2016

Each year, millions of people-especially those 65 and older-fall. Such falls can be serious, leading to broken bones, head injuries, hospitalizations or even death. Now, researchers from the Sinclair School of Nursing and the College of Engineering at the University of Missouri found that sensors that measure in-home gait speed and stride length can predict likely falls.
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Photo: Elderly woman using a computer; Copyright: Michigan State University

What digital divide? Seniors embrace social technology

26/08/2016

Contrary to popular belief, older adults enjoy emailing, instant messaging, Facebook and other forms of social technology. Not only that, but such online networking appears to reduce seniors' loneliness and even improve their health.
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Photo: Woman on a treadmill, close up to her feet; Copyright: panthermedia.net/luckyraccoon

Aquatic treadmill walking may increase exercise capacity after stroke

24/08/2016

For patients in rehabilitation after a stroke, walking on an underwater treadmill produces better measures of exercise performance compared to conventional treadmill walking, reports a study in the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, the official journal of the Association of Academic Physiatrists.
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Photo: Measuring blood pressure; Copyright: panthermedia.net/cristovao

Recommended blood pressure targets for diabetes are being challenged

24/08/2016

The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare recently raised the recommended target blood pressure for patients with diabetes. This may lead to more patients suffering from stroke or heart attack, according to a new study from the Sahlgrenska Academy. The new study is the world's largest on the subject and is based on data from the National Diabetes Register.
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Photo: Elderly couple in a consultation with a younger man; Copyright: panthermedia.net/monkeybusiness

Changes to retirement savings system may exacerbate economic inequality

22/08/2016

A shift to defined-contribution retirement plans, such as 401(k) plans, has led to an income and education gap in pension savings that could exacerbate future economic inequality, according to a study that will be presented at the 111th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (ASA).
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Photo: Woman with depression and her husband; Copyright: panthermedia.net/monkeybusiness

Chronic pain linked to partners of people with depression

22/08/2016

Partners of people with depression are more likely to suffer from chronic pain, research has found. The study shows that the two conditions share common causes - some of which are genetic whilst other causes originate from the environment that partners share.
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Photo: Woman with a black wristband; Copyright: panthermedia.net/imagedb_seller

Wearable tech helps adults with autism manage anxiety

19/08/2016

Reflecting back on incidents can help people manage their anxiety – though, traditional reflection aids such as written diaries are often abandoned. However, wearable technology could provide the solution.
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Image: A copmputer monitor shows the brain activity of a monkey using a brain-machine interface; Copyright: Shawn Rocco/Duke Health

Brain-machine interfaces: Paraplegics regain feelings and movements

17/08/2016

Eight people who have spent years paralyzed from spinal cord injuries have regained partial sensation and muscle control in their lower limbs after training with brain-controlled robotics.
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Photo: McGill University postdoctoral fellow Farnood Gholami; Copyright: Shawn Hayward

Gaming camera could aid MS treatment

17/08/2016

A commonly used device found in living rooms around the world could be a cheap and effective means of evaluating the walking difficulties of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.
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Image: A copmputer monitor shows the brain activity of a monkey using a brain-machine interface.; Copyright: Shawn Rocco/Duke Health

Brain-machine interfaces: Paraplegics regain feelings and movements

15/08/2016

Eight people who have spent years paralyzed from spinal cord injuries have regained partial sensation and muscle control in their lower limbs after training with brain-controlled robotics.
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Photo: Man giving some drugs to a little girl; Copyright: panthermedia.net/tomwang

Combining medications could offer better results for ADHD patients

15/08/2016

Three studies to be published in the August 2016 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP) report that combining two standard medications could lead to greater clinical improvements for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than either ADHD therapy alone.
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