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Home videos of children can be scored to diagnose autism


Short home videos can be used to diagnose autism in children, according to a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine. The research expands on a 2014 feasibility study on the topic by the same researchers.
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State pension age increase causing huge uncertainty for older workers, especially females


The alignment of state pension ages for women and men – while in some senses a milestone for gender equality – has created very real difficulties for those who will now not receive their State Pension when they had originally expected to.
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Music supports the auditory skills of hearing-impaired children


Researchers at University of Helsinki, Finland, and University College London have found evidence that children with hearing impairment and cochlear implants can benefit from hobbies involving music and especially singing.
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Improving dementia care and treatment saves thousands of pounds in care homes


Improving staff training in care homes and reducing reliance on harmful medications saves thousands of pounds per year, as well as improving quality of life and reducing agitation in dementia, new research has demonstrated.
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Photo: An implant placed into each of the two bones of the forearm; Copyright: Biomechatronics and Neurorehabilitation Laboratory/Chalmers University of Technology

Artificial joint restores wrist-like movements to forearm amputees


A new artificial joint restores important wrist-like movements to forearm amputees, something which could dramatically improve their quality of life. A group of researchers led by Max Ortiz Catalan, Associate Professor at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have published their research in the journal IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems & Rehabilitation Engineering.
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Photo: A group of friends enjoying breakfast together; Copyright: Oliver

Eating Breakfast Regularly Reduces the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes


Eat or skip breakfast? Does eating breakfast regularly have an effect on the risk of diabetes? – Research has not yet provided clear answers to these questions. A scientific evaluation at the German Diabetes Center (DDZ) has now shown that adult men and women who skip breakfast have a 33 percent higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
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Photo: Elderly couple using FaceTime to communicate with their family; Copyright: Dolgachov

Using Skype to beat the blues


Imagine your family has moved across the state or across country. You're retired, and your spouse has passed away. Lacking the social connections previous generations once found in church or fraternal organizations, it doesn't take much time to begin feeling isolated and alone. So a study measures effectiveness of online communication tools in combatting depression among socially isolated seniors.
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Community choirs reduce loneliness and increase interest in life for older adults


An innovative San Francisco program of community choirs for older adults found that singing in a choir reduced loneliness and increased interest in life, but did not improve cognition or physical function, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco.
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Photo: Elderly lady listening to music; Copyright: Geriatrics & Gerontology International

Music may improve mood in adults with dementia


In a Geriatrics & Gerontology International study of 51 individuals living with dementia who attended community-based adult day health centers, behavioral observations of a music intervention showed a positive change in mood and a decrease in agitation.
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Photo: Elizabeth Stegemöller leads a singing group for people with Parkinson's disease; Copyright: Iowa State University

Singing may reduce stress and improve motor function for people with Parkinson's disease


Singing may provide benefits beyond improving respiratory and swallow control in people with Parkinson's disease, according to new data from Iowa State University researchers.
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Photo: Hwan Choi with a student and a passive prosthetic; Copyright: UCF/Karen Norum

Cranking up the power setting may help some who use prosthetics


Amputees who use powered prosthetic ankles may be able to avoid the energetic costs typically associated with prosthetics by cranking up the power provided by their devices.
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Photo: Dr. Julia Belkovitz in her office; Copyright: University of Miami Health System

Study illuminates the largely unrecognized role of youth caregivers


Despite the essential role youth caregivers play, little is known about how they learn to manage medications, what they know about the medicine they administer, and what kind of rewards and challenges they encounter day to day.
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Music improves social communication in autistic children


Engaging in musical activities such as singing and playing instruments in one-on-one therapy can improve autistic children's social communication skills, improve their family's quality of life, as well as increase brain connectivity in key networks, according to researchers at Université de Montréal and McGill University.
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Stroke survivors and those at risk urged to focus on yoga and tai chi


One of Australia's biggest health issues could be checked if more people took up yoga or tai chi and reduced their blood pressure, an Australian study has found.
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Graphic: The poll results in percent and an animation of a woman in front of a toilet door; Copyright: University of Michigan

Half of women over 50 experience incontinence, but most haven't talked to a doctor


Nearly half of women over 50 say they sometimes leak urine - a problem that can range from a minor nuisance to a major issue - according to a new national poll.
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Photo: Physician telling his patient the osteoporosis diagnosis with showing her a x-ray image of her knees; Copyright: Max Planck Institute For Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences

Individualized therapy for patients with osteoporosis


More than six million people in Germany suffer from osteoporosis. The disease is characterized by chronic bone resorption, leading to frequent fractures as a consequence of the bone loss. Research partners in the OsteoSys project are working toward customized, personalized treatment.
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Naps help some preschoolers learn, but may hinder learning in children with down syndrome


A growing body of research has linked sleep with improved learning and memory consolidation in both children and adults. Yet, a new study done at the University of Arizona shows that napping may not be universally beneficial.
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Photo: Female participant wearing the helmet in presence of a scientist; Copyright: Ingo Rappers/Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research

ERC Synergy Grant for new therapeutic brain stimulation project


German, Finnish and Italian scientists working on a helmet to provide spatial and temporal high-resolution brain stimulation to treat stroke, depression and Alzheimer's disease.
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Photo: A man programming and operating a robotic arm; Copyright: Maricic

Robotic arm may help to rehabilitate chronic stroke victims


New research published in Frontiers in Neurology finds that robotic arm rehabilitation in chronic stroke patients with aphasia, the loss of ability to understand or express speech, may promote speech and language function recovery.
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Social stigma contributes to poor mental health in the autistic community


Stress related to social stigma may be the reason why autistic people experience more mental health problems than the general population, dispelling past theories that the condition itself is the origin of such distress.
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Photo: Elderly man outdoors taking some wooden stairs in a forrest; Copyright: Robinson

Older adults with strong grip, good memory may avoid or delay disability


As we age, we may develop certain disabilities that make it difficult to walk, climb, balance, or maintain our fine motor skills. In turn, these changes can affect our ability to perform routine, daily tasks, which can lead to a loss of independence and reduced quality of life. However, experts say that it is often possible to treat these difficulties before they lead to disability.
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How schools can optimize support for children with ADHD


New research gives the clearest guidance yet on how schools can best support children with ADHD to improve symptoms and maximise their academic outcomes.
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Photo: John DeLuca; Copyright: Kessler Foundation

Researchers propose conceptual framework to study role of exercise in multiple sclerosis


Researchers have proposed a conceptual framework for examining the relationship between exercise and adaptive neuroplasticity in the population with multiple sclerosis (MS).
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Photo: Adult prosthesis with individually movable fingers; Copyright: Ansgar Pudenz

Prosthetic hands from VINCENT Systems: A lightweight featuring high-tech quality and a sense of touch


The Karlsruhe-based VINCENT Systems Company develops prosthetic hands that raise the bar for prosthetics. This prosthetic device is light-weight, based on the anatomical features of a natural hand and offers a wide variety of functions as well as an artificial sense of touch.
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Prosthetics – Research offers new possibilities


Whether it’s discreetly thanks to a skin-toned look or in an eye-catching way owing to technical details – the way people wear prosthetic devices today depends on their wishes and preferences. Due to modern manufacturing processes and ever higher design standards, for many, they have become a way to express a lifestyle they increasingly want to communicate.
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Photo: An elderly woman catches ichó. The ball starts to glow in red-orange colors.; Copyright: ichó systems -

"ichó brings people with and without dementia together and provides a way to share stories, experiences, and impressions."


Like the golden sphere in the fairy tale of the Frog King, ichó (Greek for echo) is meant to bring back lost motor skills and cognitive functions to people with dementia. The project of four former graduates of the Düsseldorf University of Applied Sciences aims to offer individual support through a person’s favorite music or fairy tale.
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More choices please: Making children and youth travel more inclusive


Where are you headed? There is usually a quick answer to this question when it comes to inclusive travel options for children and adolescents with disabilities. That’s because the inclusive approach hasn’t really asserted itself yet with many travel providers. A strategic action plan to promote more inclusion in travel is supposed to change this in the future.
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Photo: Cinderella and Niels of HelpCamps; Copyright: HelpCamps

HelpCamps: "Making assistive technology faster, more affordable and personalized"


In accordance with the slogan "Nothing about us without us", the HelpCamps project aims at developing and implementing concepts and ideas together. To make this a reality, people with disabilities, companies from the assistive technology, care and assistance sectors, as well as stakeholders in the so-called maker movement and researchers, are brought together to network during various events.
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Photo: Marcus Rohrbach cuts fruits in kitchen, camera records scenes, computer screen in foreground

Will software automatically describe movie plots in the near future?


In order to understand the plot of a movie an audio version is very helpful for visually impaired people. Authors watch the whole movies and describe what happens in each scene. But wouldn’t it be possible for a computer software to do this kind of work? Researchers work on developing a program which automatically generates movie descriptions and reads them out.
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