Photo:older man hugging his wife ; Copyright: Florida Atlantic University

FAU study and new tool proves 'all is not lost' to dementia


In marriage, good communication is key to a fulfilling and enduring relationship. For people with dementia, communicating needs, emotions and interacting with others becomes increasingly difficult as communication deteriorates as dementia progresses.
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Severe foot pain linked to recurrent falls


Researchers from Hebrew Senior Life's Institute for Aging Research have discovered that foot pain - particularly severe foot pain - correlates to a higher incidence of recurrent falls. This finding also extends to those diagnosed with planus foot posture (flat feet), indicating that both foot pain and foot posture may play a role in falls among older adults.
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Photo: Elderly women and an elderly man; Copyright: Baycrest Health Sciences

Dementia-related brain changes observed before problems are noticeable


University of Toronto and Baycrest Rotman Research Institute (RRI) scientists have discovered a potential brain imaging predictor for dementia, which illustrates that changes to the brain's structure may occur years prior to a diagnosis, even before individuals notice their own memory problems.
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Photo: Man walking using wireless signal; Copyright: Jason Dorfman, MIT CSAIL

MIT wireless device can see through walls to detect walking speed


In a new paper, the team presents "WiGait," a device that can measure the walking speed of multiple people with 95 to 99 percent accuracy using wireless signals. By measuring this emerging vital sign, system could help monitor and diagnose health issues like cognitive decline and cardiac disease. The system is an update of a device that Katabi's team presented to President Obama in 2015.
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Stroke prevention may also reduce dementia


A new paper by researchers at Western University, Lawson Health Research Institute and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) shows there's been a decade-long drop in new diagnoses of both stroke and dementia in the most at-risk group - those who are 80 or older.
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Adjusting meds may reduce fall risk in older adults


Simply adjusting the dose of an older adult's psychiatric medication could reduce their risk of falling, a new University of Michigan study suggests.
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Photo: The N2B consortium standing on and in front of some stairs; Copyright: Fraunhofer IGB

Nose2Brain – Better therapy for Multiple Sclerosis


Over the next few years, in a research project funded by the EU, an international consortium is developing a new technology for a better treatment of multiple sclerosis. The idea of the innovative "Nose2Brain" approach is to transport a special active substance directly through the nose into the central nervous system.
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The underestimated impact of hearing loss


Doctors believe that communication with those under their care is important, but most studies of communication between physicians and older adults do not mention that hearing loss may affect this interaction. The findings come from a review published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
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Better quality relationships associated with reduced dementia risk


Positive social support from adult children is associated with reduced risk of developing dementia, according to a new research.
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Weak grip - a strong predictor of metabolic disease and disability in adults


A Michigan Medicine researcher teamed up with colleagues in China to investigate muscular strength as a predictor of metabolic disorders and physical disabilities.
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Research moves closer to unravelling mystery cause of multiple sclerosis


A new study has made a major new discovery towards finding the cause of multiple sclerosis (MS), potentially paving the way for research to investigate new treatments. Ahead of MS Awareness Week an international team has discovered a new cellular mechanism that may cause the disease, and a potential hallmark that may be a target for future treatment of the autoimmune disorder.
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Photo: Professor Nanys Gell with other women; Copyright: Sally McCay

Medicare recipients using rehabilitation services report major functional improvements


A new study showing significant patient-reported functional improvement among Medicare recipients who utilize rehabilitation services offers hope for America's 65-and-older set, which is expected to double by 2050. That's assuming Medicare - the nation's largest federal health insurance program for seniors - survives recent talk of its demise.
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Study shows hearing tests miss common form of hearing loss


Traditional clinical hearing tests often fail to diagnose patients with a common form of inner ear damage that might otherwise be detected by more challenging behavioral tests, according to the findings of a University at Buffalo-led study published in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience.
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Rising of new diagnosed cases of type 1 and 2 diabetes among children, teens


Rates of new diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increasing among youth in the United States, according to a report, Incidence Trends of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002-2012, published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
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Photo: Elderly patient with researchers; Copyright: Susanne Pallo

Retraining the brain to see after stroke


Patients who went partially blind after having a stroke regained large swaths of rudimentary sight after undergoing visual training designed by researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center's Flaum Eye Institute.
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Photo: Two physicians performing a deep brain stimulation; Copyright: Joshua Bright

Deep brain stimulation decreases tics in young adults with severe Tourette syndrome


A surgical technique that sends electrical impulses to a specific area of the brain reduces the "tics," or involuntary movements and vocal outbursts, experienced by young adults with severe cases of Tourette syndrome, according to a new study led by investigators from NYU Langone Medical Center.
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Study shows real-world massage is effective treatment for low back pain


In the first study of its kind, researchers found real-world massage therapy to be an effective treatment for chronic low back pain.
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Diabetes control is more difficult for night-shift workers


People with type 2 diabetes have poorer control over their blood glucose levels when they work the night shift compared with those who work in the daytime or are unemployed, a new study finds.
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Photo: Driving with an Osseointegrated Prosthesis; Copyright: Susanne Lindholm

Hearing and touch mediate sensations via osseointegrated prostheses


A new study has found that people with a prosthesis attached directly to their skeleton can hear by means of vibrations in their implant. This sound transmission through bones is an important part of osseoperception - sensory awareness of the patient's surroundings provided by their prosthesis.
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Adults with disabilities screened less often for colorectal cancer


Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in the United States, with nearly 135,000 cases reported in 2016. The likelihood of surviving colorectal cancer is strongly related to the stage in which it is diagnosed.
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Asthmatic schoolchildren are 'uncomfortable' using their inhalers


Poor asthma control and knowledge are common in children with doctor-diagnosed asthma, according to research by Queen Mary University of London. In a survey of nearly 700 secondary schoolchildren, half of them were not controlling their asthma optimally, a third with an inhaler said they were uncomfortable using it at school, and almost a third with an inhaler did not use it even when wheezy.
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Invisible disability: You can’t be what you can’t see


When they hear the word “disability“ many people immediately think of people in wheelchairs and perhaps of the blind or people with amputated limbs. In other words, people usually associate visible impairments with this term. Yet not every disability can be recognized at first glance – and sometimes not even at a second glance.
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Image: Collage with portraits from people with Down's syndrome; Copyright: beta-web/Dindas

Touchdown: People with Down's syndrome teach


People with Down's syndrome are not accepted by all of society. That's something "Touchdown" – the world’s first exhibition about and by people with Down's syndrome – wants to change in the Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundeskunsthalle) in Bonn. The project was initiated by people with and without trisomy 21.
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Photo: Marcus Rohrbach cuts fruits in kitchen, camera records scenes, computer screen in foreground

Will software automatically describe movie plots in the near future?


In order to understand the plot of a movie an audio version is very helpful for visually impaired people. Authors watch the whole movies and describe what happens in each scene. But wouldn’t it be possible for a computer software to do this kind of work? Researchers work on developing a program which automatically generates movie descriptions and reads them out.
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Intelligent mobility assistants support the elderly


Obstacles such as cobblestone streets, sloping paths or other barriers make the lives of senior citizens difficult. The more restricted they are in their mobility, the less they dare to do things. Then they often avoid going to their favorite park at the corner. The Assistants for Safe Mobility (ASSAM) project created intelligent solutions for walkers, wheelchairs and adult three-wheelers.
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"Many people underestimate the economic impact of accessible tourism in Europe"


There is a market for accessible travelling in Europe. Yet it only grows very slowly. But actually there is a huge demand, like a study has recently proved. So what do people with access needs really require? And what does the travel industry have to offer – already today and in future?
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