Research & Health -- REHACARE Trade Fair

Photo: Tom Moore and his wife LaVonne; Copyright: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Brain pacemaker shows promise in slowing decline of Alzheimer's


While most treatments for Alzheimer's disease focus on improving memory, researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center conducted a study aimed at slowing the decline of problem-solving and decision-making skills in these patients.
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Children with disabilities in West Africa experience violence from the day they are born


Disabled children in West Africa experience significantly greater violence than their non-disabled peers and all experience violence from they day they are born, finds a study published in BMC Public Health by Janet Njelesani, assistant professor of occupational therapy at NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
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Balance exercises may help people with multiple sclerosis


A special program that involves balance and eye movement exercises may help people with multiple sclerosis (MS) with their balance problems and fatigue, according to a study published in the January online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
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High rates of diabetes and hypertension found in India


Rates of diabetes and hypertension are high among middle-aged and elderly people across all geographic measures and sociodemographic groups in India. This is the result of the first nationally representative study of those conditions in the country, presented by an international team of researchers from Harvard University, the University of Göttingen and the Heidelberg University Hospital.
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Diabetes management improved in high-risk population through community program


An ethnic population at high risk for Type 2 diabetes achieved significant control of the disease through participation in community-based health programs, demonstrating that active intervention and culturally-sensitive education can reverse the course of certain illnesses.
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What factors make 'age-friendly environments' effective?


A new study, published in the journal Systematic Reviews, conducted by researchers at the University of Liverpool and Newcastle University has identified the most effective initiatives for promoting respect and social inclusion for older people living in the community.
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Photo: Young man looking at his prosthetic hand ; Copyright: Robinson

Bionic reconstruction – restoration at the psychological interface


Bionic reconstruction, whereby a patient's lifeless hand is replaced by a mechatronic hand, restores hope following accidents. However, not everyone is suitable for this programme – certain psychological preconditions must be fulfilled.
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Changes to nursing home quality ratings system caused consumers to choose better providers


Health care report cards and quality ratings are intended to give consumers more information when choosing a care provider like a hospital or nursing home. Health economist Marcelo Perraillon of the Colorado School of Public Health at CU Anschutz evaluated whether a simplified rating system used by the website Nursing Home Compare motivated consumers to choose better-rated nursing homes.
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MIND diet may slow cognitive decline in stroke survivors


A diet created by researchers at Rush University Medical Center may help substantially slow cognitive decline in stroke survivors, according to preliminary research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2018 in Los Angeles. The finding are significant because stroke survivors are twice as likely to develop dementia compared to the general population.
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Photo: A brain scan shown on a tablet computer; Copyright: Greg Albers, M.D., Stanford University Medical Center

Brain-scan guided emergency stroke treatment can save more lives


Advances in brain imaging can identify a greater number of stroke patients who can receive therapy later than previously believed, according to a new study.
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Lifestyle changes prevent cognitive decline


Enhanced lifestyle counselling prevents cognitive decline even in people who are carriers of the APOE4 gene, a common risk factor of Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study published in JAMA Neurology.
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Occupational therapy improves life of young adults with diabetes


New results from a University of Southern California-led research study demonstrates the distinct value of occupational therapy for improving the health and quality of life of young adults living with diabetes.
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Photo: Student Di Wu directs a volunteer as she touches images on a screen using a device designed to track miniscule fluctuation in the arm's movement; Copyright: James Brosher, Indiana University

Nearly imperceptible fluctuations in movement correspond to autism diagnoses


A new study led by researchers at Indiana University and Rutgers University provides the strongest evidence yet that nearly imperceptible changes in how people move can be used to diagnose neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism.
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Image: Graphic with the key findings of the poll about flu vaccination in nursing homes; Copyright: University of Michigan

Nursing homes should require flu shots for all staff and patients


As flu season swings into high gear, a new poll suggests that nursing homes and other long-term care facilities should be doing more to get their staff and patients vaccinated before it's too late.
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Photo: Two doctoral students are holding a sample of TRAFFIC; Copyright: Cornell University

Spider's web inspires removable implant that may control type 1 diabetes


For the more than 1 million Americans who live with type 1 diabetes, daily insulin injections are literally a matter of life and death. And while there is no cure, a Cornell University-led research team has developed a device that could revolutionize management of the disease.
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Girls' social camouflage skills may delay or prevent autism diagnosis


On parent-reporting measures, girls with autism seem to struggle more than boys with performing routine tasks like getting up and dressed or making small talk, even when the study group is normalized to meet similar basic clinical diagnostic criteria across sexes.
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Photo: A veteran gets checked by a physician; Copyright: Tommy Leonardi

Deep brain stimulation linked to longer survival for Parkinson's patients


A treatment called deep brain stimulation (DBS) could extend the life of people with Parkinson's disease. Researchers at the Edward Hines, Jr. VA Hospital in Illinois found that patients who received stimulation via an implanted device had a modest survival advantage compared with those treated with medication only.
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Younger patients with type 2 diabetes are hit hard by the disease


Risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease or eye and renal damage following type 2 diabetes are much more common among patients who are diagnosed before the age of 45 than in elderly newly-diagnosed patients.
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Doctor re-examines evidence on UTIs in patients with spinal cord injury


People with spinal cord injuries rely on catheters to empty their bladder. When a well-respected publication concluded that catheters could be reused without an increased risk of infection, it didn't sit right with a Vancouver clinician and researcher.
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With a little help from my friends: Ending social isolation could lower diabetes risk


In a study socially isolated individuals were found to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes more often than individuals with larger social networks. Promoting social integration and participation may be a promising target in prevention strategies for type 2 diabetes, researchers at Maastricht University Medical Centre, The Netherlands suggest.
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Photo: Elderly man on a treadmill in the gym; Copyright: Pics

High-intensity exercise delays Parkinson's progression


High-intensity exercise three times a week is safe for individuals with early-stage Parkinson's disease and decreases worsening of motor symptoms, according to a new phase 2, multi-site trial led by Northwestern Medicine and University of Colorado School of Medicine scientists.
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