26/06/2017Individuals with autism spectrum disorder often find it difficult to look others in the eyes. Many say that looking others in the eye is uncomfortable or stressful for them all of which points to a neurological cause than just to a sign of social and personal indifference. Now, a team of researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital has shed light on the brain mechanisms involved in this behavior.
26/06/2017Physical frailty is common among the elderly and is strongly associated with cognitive impairment, dementia and adverse health outcomes such as disability, hospitalisation, and mortality. A four-year study conducted by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) showed that a combination of nutritional, physical and cognitive interventions can reverse physical frailty.
21/06/2017Adolescent drivers with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a 36 percent higher crash risk than other newly licensed teens. Although elevated, this risk is far lower than previous reports of being four times higher. This is the first large-scale study to provide detailed information on crash risk of adolescents with ADHD compared to other newly licensed young drivers.
19/06/2017The human brain works in rhythms and cycles. These patterns occur at predictable frequencies. When people listen to speech, their brain waves lock up with the volume-based rhythms they hear. In a new study researchers of the University of Chicago designed an experiment using sign language to answer the question, if it works for visual rhythms in sign language too.
14/06/2017New guidelines have been published on the clinical and physical indicators to help ensure patients with dementia with Lewy bodies get an accurate diagnosis and the best care possible.
14/06/2017For adolescents and young adults with autism, taking control of health care can be a barrier to independence. Now researchers from the University of Missouri have found that the health care process not only impacts adolescents with autism, but caregivers also feel they lack the skills and support necessary to help those adolescents achieve health-related independence.
09/06/2017A new surgical technique devised by MIT researchers could allow prosthetic limbs to feel much more like natural limbs. Through coordination of the patient’s prosthetic limb, existing nerves, and muscle grafts, amputees would be able to sense where their limbs are in space and to feel how much force is being applied to them.
07/06/2017Delivering an electrical current to a part of the brain involved in movement control has proven successful in treating many Parkinson’s disease patients. Now researchers have come up with a way to stimulate regions deep within the brain using electrodes placed on the scalp. This approach could make deep brain stimulation noninvasive, less risky, less expensive, and more accessible to patients.
07/06/2017After a nationwide search for the most inventive college students the Lemelson-MIT Student Prize winners were announced. The Program awarded $115,000 in prizes to four undergraduate teams and five individual graduate inventors. The winners of this year’s competition were selected from a diverse and highly competitive applicant pool of students from colleges and universities across the country.
05/06/2017When a person loses a hand to amputation, nerves that control sensation and movement are severed, causing dramatic changes in areas of the brain that controlled these functions. As a result, those brain-areas take on other functions. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri have found evidence of specific neurochemical changes associated with lower neuronal health in these brain regions.
05/06/2017New Michigan State University research is the first to help a professional race car driver with diabetes improve his performance during competition, helping him capture two top five finishes at the Indianapolis 500.
31/05/2017The evidence is clear. Physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease, says a panel of researchers and not-for-profit leaders, led by the University of British Columbia's Okanagan campus.
29/05/2017A new study has found that children, especially boys, whose mothers were exposed to higher levels of outdoor particulate air pollution at the same time that they were very stressed were most likely to develop asthma by age six.
24/05/2017In marriage, good communication is key to a fulfilling and enduring relationship. For people with dementia, communicating needs, emotions and interacting with others becomes increasingly difficult as communication deteriorates as dementia progresses.
24/05/2017Researchers from Hebrew Senior Life's Institute for Aging Research have discovered that foot pain - particularly severe foot pain - correlates to a higher incidence of recurrent falls. This finding also extends to those diagnosed with planus foot posture (flat feet), indicating that both foot pain and foot posture may play a role in falls among older adults.
22/05/2017University of Toronto and Baycrest Rotman Research Institute (RRI) scientists have discovered a potential brain imaging predictor for dementia, which illustrates that changes to the brain's structure may occur years prior to a diagnosis, even before individuals notice their own memory problems.
15/05/2017Every year, 17 million people worldwide suffer strokes, and a third are left paralyzed on one side of their body. But current rehabilitation solutions are not always effective in improving mobility declines after the first few months. This is where the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) startup Intento comes in with a new device that can help patients regain mobility in their arms.