Photo: A person of color with an injection; Copyright: Popov

Diabetes increasing at alarming rates in sub-Saharan Africa


Sub-Saharan Africa is in the midst of a rapidly expanding diabetes epidemic that could have devastating health and economic consequences for the region unless quick and decisive action is taken to turn the tide, according to a major new report from a Lancet commission co-led by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
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Well-being in later life: the mind plays an important role


Well-being in later life is largely dependent on psychosocial factors. Physical impairments tend to play a secondary role, as scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have discovered. The results of their recent study are published in "BMC Geriatrics".
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Research group focuses on economics of transportation needs for rural elderly


A multidisciplinary team of researchers is examining economic issues associated with providing transportation for the rural elderly and other socially disadvantaged populations.
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Photo: Three boys standing in a cowshed; Copyright: University of Zurich

How cats and cows protect farm children from asthma


It is a known fact that microbes on farms protect children from asthma and allergies. But even non-microbial molecules can have a protective effect: Immunologists from the University of Zurich have shown that a sialic acid found in farm animals is effective against inflammation of lung tissue. This study opens up a wide variety of perspectives for the prevention of allergies.
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Photo: The bandage reveals its measurings under UV light; Copyright: Empa/CSEM

Bandage with a voice


A novel bandage alerts the nursing staff as soon as a wound starts healing badly. Sensors incorporated into the base material glow with a different intensity if the wound’s pH level changes. This way even chronic wounds could be monitored at home.
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Photo: A nurse measuring the blood pressure of a patient in a nursing home; Copyright: Cervo

Serious pain afflicts a third of nursing home residents in last six months of life


Many nursing home residents have a fairly pain-free experience until the end of life, but at least a third suffer persistent, significant pain during their last six months, according to a new study from the University of Manitoba, University of British Columbia and University of Alberta that could have implications for end-of-life care in Canada.
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Photo: Comparison between sighted and blind athletes who just lost a match for a medal; Copyright: Bob Willingham

Do blind people express their emotions in the same way as people who can see?


Facial expressions play a powerful role in social interactions from birth to adulthood. Fear, joy, anger - all our emotions are articulated and understood thanks to universal codes. Common sense sees this enterprise as an act of imitation. But if this is the case, does the same hold true for people who were born blind? Do they show their emotions in the same way?
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Image: talking to a doctor about cost; Copyright: University of Michigan

Older Americans don't get - or seek - enough help from doctors & pharmacists on drug costs


The majority of Americans over age 50 take two or more prescription medicines to prevent or treat health problems, and many of them say the cost weighs on their budget, a new poll finds.
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Diabetes patients still produce insulin


A 'brain training' game developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge could help improve the memory of patients in the very earliest stages of dementia, suggests a study published in The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology.
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Leisure activities lower blood pressure in Alzheimer's caregivers


Going for a walk outside, reading, listening to music - these and other enjoyable activities can reduce blood pressure for elderly caregivers of spouses with Alzheimer's disease, suggests a study published by Wolters Kluwer.
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Older people who feel close to God have well-being that grows with frequent prayer


As people grow older, those who are securely attached to God are more likely to have a sense of well-being - and the more frequently they pray, the greater that feeling, according to a Baylor University study. But those who feel more distant from God do not receive the same benefit.
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Photo: One person ist wearing the Wearable and another person is holding it in his hand; Copyright: University of Texas at Dallas

Bioengineers create wearable diagnostic biosensor for diabetes monitoring


Researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas are getting more out of the sweat they've put into their work on a wearable diagnostic tool that measures three diabetes-related compounds in microscopic amounts of perspiration.
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Photo: Hand of an elderly person petting a therapy dog; Copyright: Dominick Reuter for Tufts University

Could therapy animal visitation pose health risks at patient facilities?


A survey of United States hospitals, eldercare facilities and therapy animal organizations revealed their health and safety policies for therapy animal visits varied widely, with many not following recommended guidelines for animal visitation.
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Researchers explore why people with autism avoid eye contact


Individuals with autism spectrum disorder often find it difficult to look others in the eyes. Many say that looking others in the eye is uncomfortable or stressful for them all of which points to a neurological cause than just to a sign of social and personal indifference. Now, a team of researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital has shed light on the brain mechanisms involved in this behavior.
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Photo: Professor Ng Tze Pin is watching three old ladys playing a game ; Copyright: National University of Singapore

Parameters that can reverse physical frailty in the elderly


Physical frailty is common among the elderly and is strongly associated with cognitive impairment, dementia and adverse health outcomes such as disability, hospitalisation, and mortality. A four-year study conducted by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) showed that a combination of nutritional, physical and cognitive interventions can reverse physical frailty.
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Photo: A young driver in a car with his friends; Copyright: Polc

Teens with ADHD have lower crash risk than previously reported


Adolescent drivers with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a 36 percent higher crash risk than other newly licensed teens. Although elevated, this risk is far lower than previous reports of being four times higher. This is the first large-scale study to provide detailed information on crash risk of adolescents with ADHD compared to other newly licensed young drivers.
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Photo: A woman using sign language in front of her notebook; Copyright: Wisniewska

Human brain tunes into visual rhythms in sign language


The human brain works in rhythms and cycles. These patterns occur at predictable frequencies. When people listen to speech, their brain waves lock up with the volume-based rhythms they hear. In a new study researchers of the University of Chicago designed an experiment using sign language to answer the question, if it works for visual rhythms in sign language too.
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Easing family distress: New international guidelines to identify dementia with Lewy bodies


New guidelines have been published on the clinical and physical indicators to help ensure patients with dementia with Lewy bodies get an accurate diagnosis and the best care possible.
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Health care process - a roadblock for adolescents with autism and their caregivers


For adolescents and young adults with autism, taking control of health care can be a barrier to independence. Now researchers from the University of Missouri have found that the health care process not only impacts adolescents with autism, but caregivers also feel they lack the skills and support necessary to help those adolescents achieve health-related independence.
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Photo: A prosthetic limb; Copyright: Jose-Luis Olivares/MIT

Muscle grafts could help amputees sense and control artificial limbs


A new surgical technique devised by MIT researchers could allow prosthetic limbs to feel much more like natural limbs. Through coordination of the patient’s prosthetic limb, existing nerves, and muscle grafts, amputees would be able to sense where their limbs are in space and to feel how much force is being applied to them.
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