Research & Health -- REHACARE Trade Fair

Photo: Elderly couple practicing tai chi in a park; Copyright: Images

Exercise may be best intervention to prevent falls among elderly


Exercise alone or in combination with other assessments and interventions appears to be the most effective strategy for preventing falls causing injury among older people, a new study has found.
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Photo: Researcher demonstrating the effect of virtual reality; Copyright: Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Virtual reality reduces phantom pain in paraplegics


In breakthrough research led by neuroscientist Olaf Blanke and his team at EPFL, Switzerland, the scientists show that phantom body pain can be reduced in paraplegics by creating a bodily illusion with the help of virtual reality. The results are published in Neurology.
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Photo: Elderly man lifting weights; Copyright: WFU / Ken Bennett

Lose fat, preserve muscle: Weight training beats cardio for older adults


Weight training or cardio? For older adults trying to slim down, pumping iron might be the way to go. A new study by researchers at Wake Forest University suggests combining weight training with a low-calorie diet preserves much needed lean muscle mass that can be lost through aerobic workouts.
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Photo: Researchers Damien Fair and Oscar Miranda Rodriguez in front of a computer monitor; Copyright: OHSU

Brain activity is inherited, may inform treatment for ADHD, autism


Every person has a distinct pattern of functional brain connectivity known as a connectotype, or brain fingerprint. A new study conducted at OHSU in Portland, Oregon, concludes that while individually unique, each connectotype demonstrates both familial and heritable relationships.
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Photo: UBC Okanagan researcher Kathleen Martin Ginis and a wheelchair user; Copyright: UBC Okanagan

Specific exercise dosage for people with spinal cord injury


For decades, the main message to keep the general population healthy was for everyone to get active. In fact, the World Health Organization laid out specific guidelines (150 minutes of cardiovascular exercise each week) on how much physical activity was required for people to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
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Photo: An amputee fitted with an advanced arm prosthetic following TMSR surgery; Copyright: Irit Hacmun, Tel Aviv

Advanced artificial limbs mapped in the brain


Targeted motor and sensory reinnervation (TMSR) is a surgical procedure on patients with amputations that reroutes residual limb nerves towards intact muscles and skin in order to fit them with a limb prosthesis allowing unprecedented control.
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Photo: Elderly man and elderly woman make a selfie of themselves smiling while they are on a sailboat; Copyright: Dolgachov

Today's 65-Year-Olds are fitter than earlier generations


Compared to their counterparts twenty years ago, today's 65-year-olds not only feel younger but are generally healthier overall – and enjoy greater life satisfaction. That is just one of the latest results of the Interdisciplinary Longitudinal Study on Adult Development and Aging (ILSE) that was launched in 1993 at the Institute of Gerontology at Heidelberg University.
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Photo: A stroke patient arrives at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center; Copyright: UCLA Health

National study aims to prove value of mobile stroke units


Roughly every 40 seconds, someone in the United States will have a stroke. Almost every four minutes, one of those people will die as a result. Against that backdrop, UCLA Health has officially launched the first mobile stroke unit on the West Coast, enabling rapid delivery of brain-saving medications to stroke patients who might otherwise face debilitating delays in treatment.
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Perioperative Surgical Home reduces death, ER visits in elderly hip fracture patients


Elderly patients who had emergency repair of a fractured hip were much less likely to die or make a return visit to the emergency room (ER) after discharge if they received care under the Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) model of care, suggests research presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting.
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Photo: Mother and her teenage daughter having breakfast together; Copyright: R.

Family members play important role in managing chronic illness


Family members often play an important role in managing chronic illnesses, and a family approach may produce more effective, long-term benefits for the patient, according to a Penn State researcher.
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Relatively few kidney patients need to start dialysis after undergoing TAVR


The rate of patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing a heart procedure called transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) who eventually need to start dialysis is relatively low, suggests a new study published in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.
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Photo: Man leaning at a tree and smoking; Copyright: ltd

Study: Risk factors on rise among people with stroke


Despite prevention efforts, researchers have found a significant increase over a 10-year period in the percentage of people with stroke who have high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking and other risk factors for stroke.
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Photo: Close-up of a person filling in a hand over medical benefits claim form; Copyright: Popov

End-of-life decision-making for people with intellectual disabilities


A new study by researchers at the University at Buffalo provides a groundbreaking look at how advance care planning medical orders inform emergency medical service (EMS) providers' experiences involving people with intellectual disabilities.
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Kessler study shows behavioral approach reduces cognitive fatigue in multiple sclerosis


Novel study demonstrated potential for nonpharmacologic intervention for treating cognitive fatigue in individuals with multiple sclerosis.
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Photo: Neuroscientist James Galvin, M.D., uses the functional range of motion board to test a patient's manual dexterity ; Copyright: Florida Atlantic University

Thinking 'out-of-the-box' may build a better brain and prevent dementia


Neuroscientist James Galvin hopes to prevent dementia in the first place. So he has developed an innovative program in the Comprehensive Center for Brain Health at FAU called the "Dementia Prevention Initiative" (DPI).
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