Photo: James E. Galvin tests a patient's muscle strength in FAU's Comprehensive Center for Brain Health; Copyright: Florida Atlantic University

'Skinny fat' in older adults may predict dementia, Alzheimer's risk


A new study has found that "skinny fat" - the combination of low muscle mass and strength in the context of high fat mass - may be an important predictor of cognitive performance in older adults.
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Photo: Male hand with a wearable device on his wrist showing his heart rate; Copyright: Popov

AI and radar technologies could help diabetics manage their disease


People with diabetes could be able to monitor their blood sugar without drawing blood using a system now being developed at the University of Waterloo.
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Photo: The Ageing-On research group; Copyright: Egoi Markaida, UPV/EHU

Physical exercise improves the life quality of elderly people living in care homes


If the number of people over 65 currently accounts for 22 percent of the total population in the Basque Autonomous Community (region), predictions indicate that this percentage will rise to 30 percent by 2030. That is why it is important to promote healthy ageing, one of the main backbones of which is health and physical exercise.
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Photo: A woman exercising at home in front of her TV; Copyright: Matthias Heyde/Fraunhofer FOKUS

New telemedicine exercise therapy


Anyone who gets an artificial hip or knee joint has to spend a lot of time in rehabilitation. The offers are scarce, though, and working people often cannot make the appointments due to time constraints. In the ReMove-It project, Fraunhofer and its partners have developed telemedicine-based exercise therapy that allows patients to organize their rehabilitation more flexibly.
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Studies provide new insights into the role of sleep in chronic pain


The results of two studies presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) provide insight into the role of sleep in chronic pain. The first study demonstrates a predictive role of sleep problems for chronic pain and the second provides insight into chronic pain and sleep in adolescents.
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A dual-therapy approach to boost motor recovery after a stroke


EPFL scientists have shown that combining a brain-computer interface (BCI) with functional electrical stimulation (FES) can help stroke victims recover greater use of their paralyzed arm - even years after the stroke.
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Young drivers with autism spectrum disorder may need more time to learn basic driving skills


When first learning to drive, young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have more difficulty with basic driving skills compared to those with typical development (TD), reports a study in the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics.
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Photo: Michael Wright, Dr. Kaberi Dasgupta and Debbie Chan; Copyright: MUHC

Living with diabetes as young adult


A team at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) report that teen and young adult (aged 14-24 years) with type 1 diabetes often experience stigma, which leads them to neglect treatment and tread dangerously close to suffering medical emergencies.
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Food allergies connected to children with autism spectrum disorder


A new study from the University of Iowa finds that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more than twice as likely to develop a food allergy than children who do not have ASD.
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American Sign Language and English language learners: New linguistic research supports the need for policy changes


A new study of the educational needs of students who are native users of American Sign Language (ASL) shows glaring disparities in their treatment by the U.S Department of Education. The article, "If you use ASL, should you study ESL? Limitations of a modality-b(i)ased policy", by Elena Koulidobrova, Marlon Kunze and Hannah Dostal will be published in the scholarly journal Language.
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Older adults with asthma are happier when they have more say in their care


It's clear an increasing number of people want a say in their medical care. A new study shows older people with asthma are among those no longer content to say, "Up to you, Doc" and then wait to be told how to move forward with their care.
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Speech comprehension with a cochlear implant


Some cochlear implant recipients learn to understand speech exceedingly well while others struggle with speech comprehension difficulties. A novel hearing test shortly after implantation can accurately predict future speech recognition.
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Lighting intervention improves sleep and mood for people with Alzheimer's


A tailored lighting intervention in nursing homes can positively impact sleep, mood and behavior for patients with Alzheimer's disease, according to preliminary findings from a new study.
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New guidance on treating diabetes in elderly and frail adults


New guidance has been published on managing diabetes in the elderly, including for the first time how to manage treatment for the particularly frail. The guidance was produced from a collaboration between experts in diabetes medicine, primary care and geriatric medicine, led by Dr David Strain at the University of Exeter Medical School.
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Insomnia is a likely long-term side effect of stroke


Stroke patients experience sustained problems with insomnia potentially reducing their ability to relearn key skills and putting them at increased risk of depression, a new study in the journal Scientific Reports finds.
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Photo: Researcher holding a fibre part in front of the camera; Copyright: Alban Kakulya/EPFL

An elastic fiber filled with electrodes set to revolutionize smart clothes


It's a whole new way of thinking about sensors. The tiny fibers developed at EPFL are made of elastomer and can incorporate materials like electrodes and nanocomposite polymers. The fibers can detect even the slightest pressure and strain and can withstand deformation. All that makes them perfect for applications in smart clothing and prostheses, and for creating artificial nerves for robots.
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