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Musculoskeletal conditions now second global cause of years lived with disability


Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions, which affect the body's joints, bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments, now rank as the second leading global cause of years lived with a disability, reveals an analysis of international data, published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.
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Patients with diabetes are more likely to be readmitted to the hospital


Patients with diabetes and low blood glucose have higher rates of death following hospital discharge, according to a study.
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Photo: Four-year-old springer spaniel named Murphy; Copyright: Jane Smith

Dogs reduce distress of patients waiting for emergency hospital care


A visit from a dog can reduce the distress of patients waiting for emergency treatment in hospital, a study by the University of Saskatchewan (USask) shows.
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Teaching happiness to dementia caregivers reduces their depression


Caring for family members with dementia - which is on the rise in the U.S. - causes significant emotional and physical stress that increases caregivers' risk of depression, anxiety and death.
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Photo: Carl W. Baker, M.D., during a vision control with a study participant; Copyright: Brooksie Beard

Still having good vision? Waiting can be reasonable for patients with diabetes


People with good vision despite having center-involved diabetic macular edema can safely forego immediate treatment of their eye condition as long as they are closely monitored, and treatment begins promptly if vision worsens, according to clinical trial results.
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Exercise activates memory neural networks in older adults


How quickly do we experience the benefits of exercise? A new University of Maryland study of healthy older adults shows that just one session of exercise increased activation in the brain circuits associated with memory - including the hippocampus - which shrinks with age and is the brain region attacked first in Alzheimer's disease.
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Rehabilitation psychologists: #SayTheWord disability


"Attempts to avoid the use of the word 'disability' and couch discussions in positive terminology or euphemisms can have unintended consequences," says Carrie Pilarski, Ph.D., an assistant professor of clinical psychology in the Michigan Medicine Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. "Avoiding the term reinforces the idea that disability is a negative or undesired state."
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The mobile game that can detect Alzheimer's risk


A specially designed mobile phone game can detect people at risk of Alzheimer's – according to new research from the University of East Anglia. Researchers studied gaming data from an app called Sea Hero Quest, which has been downloaded and played by more than 4.3 million people worldwide.
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Stroke patients receive different amounts of physical therapy


Medicare-covered stroke patients receive vastly different amounts of physical and occupational therapy during hospital stays despite evidence that such care is strongly associated with positive health outcomes, a new study by Brown University researchers found.
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Graphic: Map of the brain processing sound; Copyright: Kelly Chang/University of Washington

Brains of blind people adapt to sharpen sense of hearing


Research has shown that people who are born blind or become blind early in life often have a more nuanced sense of hearing, especially when it comes to musical abilities and tracking moving objects in space (imagine crossing a busy road using sound alone). For decades scientists have wondered what changes in the brain might underlie these enhanced auditory abilities.
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Certain strains of bacteria associated with diabetic wounds that do not heal


Whether a wound – such as a diabetic foot ulcer – heals or progresses to a worse outcome, including infection or even amputation, may depend on the microbiome within that wound. A new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found specific strains of the common pathogen Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) are associated with wounds that do not heal.
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Bonn to host 2019 World Para Dance Sport Championships


The 2019 World Para Dance Sport Championships are coming to the home of the Paralympic Movement in Bonn, Germany. From 29 November to 1 December, more than 210 athletes from 20 countries will light up the dance floor in the former German capital.
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Animal-assisted therapy improves social behavior in patients with brain injuries


Animal-assisted therapy can foster social competence in patients with brain injuries and increase their emotional involvement during therapy. These were the findings of a clinical trial conducted by psychologists from the University of Basel and published in the journal Scientific Reports.
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People with autism have an altered sense of self


New research has indicated that people with autism have an altered sense of self, which may explain some of the differences shown in social functioning. The study, which was carried out by scientists at Anglia Ruskin University and published in the journal Autism, involved a group of 51 adults, half with and half without autism.
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Pets help older adults


A curled-up cat, a tail-wagging dog, a chirping parakeet or even a serene goldfish may help older adults cope with mental and physical health issues, according to a new national poll.
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Photo: Scientist at Food Institute of KTU; Copyright: Kaunas University of Technology

Lithuanian researchers created special food for elderly patients


Researchers of Kaunas University of Technology and Lithuanian University of Health Sciences developed innovative micronutrient-rich food product for elderly people who have swallowing difficulties. Visually attractive and tasty food was tested with a group of geriatric patients.
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Virtual reality could be used to treat neurological disorders


Playing games in virtual reality (VR) could be a key tool in treating people with neurological disorders such as schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease. The technology, according to a recent study from the University of Waterloo, could help individuals with these neurological conditions shift their perceptions of time, which their conditions lead them to perceive differently.
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Virtual reality could improve your balance, study finds


Vision changes can entail major problems in everyday life. To a high degree, vision affects our ability to keep our balance, and balance affects our ability to move around.
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People living in retirement communities: less anxious, more active and less likely to fall


A new report shows older people benefit from improved physical and mental health in retirement communities, resulting in cost savings to the NHS.
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