Photo:older man hugging his wife ; Copyright: Florida Atlantic University

FAU study and new tool proves 'all is not lost' to dementia


In marriage, good communication is key to a fulfilling and enduring relationship. For people with dementia, communicating needs, emotions and interacting with others becomes increasingly difficult as communication deteriorates as dementia progresses.
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Severe foot pain linked to recurrent falls


Researchers from Hebrew Senior Life's Institute for Aging Research have discovered that foot pain - particularly severe foot pain - correlates to a higher incidence of recurrent falls. This finding also extends to those diagnosed with planus foot posture (flat feet), indicating that both foot pain and foot posture may play a role in falls among older adults.
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Photo: Elderly women and an elderly man; Copyright: Baycrest Health Sciences

Dementia-related brain changes observed before problems are noticeable


University of Toronto and Baycrest Rotman Research Institute (RRI) scientists have discovered a potential brain imaging predictor for dementia, which illustrates that changes to the brain's structure may occur years prior to a diagnosis, even before individuals notice their own memory problems.
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Photo: A technician is showing the patient how he is able to self-administer the electrical stimulation; Copyright: Alain Herzog

Stroke patients take the lead in their rehabilitation


Every year, 17 million people worldwide suffer strokes, and a third are left paralyzed on one side of their body. But current rehabilitation solutions are not always effective in improving mobility declines after the first few months. This is where the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) startup Intento comes in with a new device that can help patients regain mobility in their arms.
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Photo: Man walking using wireless signal; Copyright: Jason Dorfman, MIT CSAIL

MIT wireless device can see through walls to detect walking speed


In a new paper, the team presents "WiGait," a device that can measure the walking speed of multiple people with 95 to 99 percent accuracy using wireless signals. By measuring this emerging vital sign, system could help monitor and diagnose health issues like cognitive decline and cardiac disease. The system is an update of a device that Katabi's team presented to President Obama in 2015.
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Photo: Dr. Vladimir Hachinski; Copyright: Western University

Stroke prevention may also reduce dementia


A new paper by researchers at Western University, Lawson Health Research Institute and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) shows there's been a decade-long drop in new diagnoses of both stroke and dementia in the most at-risk group - those who are 80 or older.
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Photo: An older man getting some pills from a nurse; Copyright: ltd

Adjusting meds may reduce fall risk in older adults


Simply adjusting the dose of an older adult's psychiatric medication could reduce their risk of falling, a new University of Michigan study suggests.
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Photo: The N2B consortium standing on and in front of some stairs; Copyright: Fraunhofer IGB

Nose2Brain – Better therapy for Multiple Sclerosis


Over the next few years, in a research project funded by the EU, an international consortium is developing a new technology for a better treatment of multiple sclerosis. The idea of the innovative "Nose2Brain" approach is to transport a special active substance directly through the nose into the central nervous system.
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The underestimated impact of hearing loss


Doctors believe that communication with those under their care is important, but most studies of communication between physicians and older adults do not mention that hearing loss may affect this interaction. The findings come from a review published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
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Image: A hand with a handgrip dynamometer; Copyright: Michigan Medicine

Weak grip - a strong predictor of metabolic disease and disability in adults


A Michigan Medicine researcher teamed up with colleagues in China to investigate muscular strength as a predictor of metabolic disorders and physical disabilities.
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Research moves closer to unravelling mystery cause of multiple sclerosis


A new study has made a major new discovery towards finding the cause of multiple sclerosis (MS), potentially paving the way for research to investigate new treatments. Ahead of MS Awareness Week an international team has discovered a new cellular mechanism that may cause the disease, and a potential hallmark that may be a target for future treatment of the autoimmune disorder.
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Study shows hearing tests miss common form of hearing loss


Traditional clinical hearing tests often fail to diagnose patients with a common form of inner ear damage that might otherwise be detected by more challenging behavioral tests, according to the findings of a University at Buffalo-led study published in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience.
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Antipsychotic medications can be reduced in dementia patients


The use of antipsychotic medication in nearly 100 Massachusetts nursing homes was significantly reduced when staff was trained to recognize challenging behaviors of cognitively impaired residents as communication of their unmet needs, according to a new study led by Jennifer Tjia, MD, MSCE, associate professor of quantitative health sciences.
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Photo: Elderly patient with researchers; Copyright: Susanne Pallo

Retraining the brain to see after stroke


Patients who went partially blind after having a stroke regained large swaths of rudimentary sight after undergoing visual training designed by researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center's Flaum Eye Institute.
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Photo: Two physicians performing a deep brain stimulation; Copyright: Joshua Bright

Deep brain stimulation decreases tics in young adults with severe Tourette syndrome


A surgical technique that sends electrical impulses to a specific area of the brain reduces the "tics," or involuntary movements and vocal outbursts, experienced by young adults with severe cases of Tourette syndrome, according to a new study led by investigators from NYU Langone Medical Center.
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Photo: Massage therapist rubs patient's neck; Copyright: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

Study shows real-world massage is effective treatment for low back pain


In the first study of its kind, researchers found real-world massage therapy to be an effective treatment for chronic low back pain.
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Photo: Driving with an Osseointegrated Prosthesis; Copyright: Susanne Lindholm

Hearing and touch mediate sensations via osseointegrated prostheses


A new study has found that people with a prosthesis attached directly to their skeleton can hear by means of vibrations in their implant. This sound transmission through bones is an important part of osseoperception - sensory awareness of the patient's surroundings provided by their prosthesis.
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