Research & Health -- REHACARE Trade Fair

Photo: Two doctoral students are holding a sample of TRAFFIC; Copyright: Cornell University

Spider's web inspires removable implant that may control type 1 diabetes


For the more than 1 million Americans who live with type 1 diabetes, daily insulin injections are literally a matter of life and death. And while there is no cure, a Cornell University-led research team has developed a device that could revolutionize management of the disease.
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Girls' social camouflage skills may delay or prevent autism diagnosis


On parent-reporting measures, girls with autism seem to struggle more than boys with performing routine tasks like getting up and dressed or making small talk, even when the study group is normalized to meet similar basic clinical diagnostic criteria across sexes.
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Photo: A veteran gets checked by a physician; Copyright: Tommy Leonardi

Deep brain stimulation linked to longer survival for Parkinson's patients


A treatment called deep brain stimulation (DBS) could extend the life of people with Parkinson's disease. Researchers at the Edward Hines, Jr. VA Hospital in Illinois found that patients who received stimulation via an implanted device had a modest survival advantage compared with those treated with medication only.
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Photo: A physician talking to her patient; Copyright: Heiber

Younger patients with type 2 diabetes are hit hard by the disease


Risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease or eye and renal damage following type 2 diabetes are much more common among patients who are diagnosed before the age of 45 than in elderly newly-diagnosed patients.
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Doctor re-examines evidence on UTIs in patients with spinal cord injury


People with spinal cord injuries rely on catheters to empty their bladder. When a well-respected publication concluded that catheters could be reused without an increased risk of infection, it didn't sit right with a Vancouver clinician and researcher.
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With a little help from my friends: Ending social isolation could lower diabetes risk


In a study socially isolated individuals were found to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes more often than individuals with larger social networks. Promoting social integration and participation may be a promising target in prevention strategies for type 2 diabetes, researchers at Maastricht University Medical Centre, The Netherlands suggest.
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Photo: Elderly man on a treadmill in the gym; Copyright: Pics

High-intensity exercise delays Parkinson's progression


High-intensity exercise three times a week is safe for individuals with early-stage Parkinson's disease and decreases worsening of motor symptoms, according to a new phase 2, multi-site trial led by Northwestern Medicine and University of Colorado School of Medicine scientists.
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Photo: Woman helping an elderly man to board the bus; Copyright: Images

Canada's aging population signals need for more inclusive, accessible transportation system


As the number of Canadians aged 65 and older continues to grow faster than any other age group, so too does the need for a more inclusive and accessible transportation system, underscores a group of experts in a new report released by the Council of Canadian Academies.
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Type 1 diabetes: Not just a disease of childhood


Type 1 diabetes is not predominantly a 'disease of childhood' as previously believed, but is similarly prevalent in adults, new research published in the Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology shows.
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Photo: A size comparison between 3-D printed prosthesis implant and a penny; Copyright: Radiological Society of North America

3-D-printed prosthetic implants could improve treatment for hearing loss


Researchers using CT scans and 3-D printing have created accurate, custom-designed prosthetic replacements for damaged parts of the middle ear, according to a study being presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
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Researchers map brain activity to improve prosthetic design


Researchers from the University of Houston have demonstrated how brain activity is used to identify different terrains - level ground and stairs, for example - a key step in developing prosthetics that allow the user's prosthesis to automatically adjust to changing ground conditions in real time.
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Dual virtual reality/treadmill exercises promote brain plasticity in Parkinson's patients


A new Tel Aviv University study suggests that a therapy that combines Virtual Reality and treadmill exercise dramatically lowers the incidence of falling among Parkinson's patients by changing the brain's behavior and promoting beneficial brain plasticity, even in patients with neurodegenerative disease.
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