Photo: Elderly women and an elderly man; Copyright: Baycrest Health Sciences

Dementia-related brain changes observed before problems are noticeable


University of Toronto and Baycrest Rotman Research Institute (RRI) scientists have discovered a potential brain imaging predictor for dementia, which illustrates that changes to the brain's structure may occur years prior to a diagnosis, even before individuals notice their own memory problems.
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Photo: Man walking using wireless signal; Copyright: Jason Dorfman, MIT CSAIL

MIT wireless device can see through walls to detect walking speed


In a new paper, the team presents "WiGait," a device that can measure the walking speed of multiple people with 95 to 99 percent accuracy using wireless signals. By measuring this emerging vital sign, system could help monitor and diagnose health issues like cognitive decline and cardiac disease. The system is an update of a device that Katabi's team presented to President Obama in 2015.
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Photo: Dr. Vladimir Hachinski; Copyright: Western University

Stroke prevention may also reduce dementia


A new paper by researchers at Western University, Lawson Health Research Institute and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) shows there's been a decade-long drop in new diagnoses of both stroke and dementia in the most at-risk group - those who are 80 or older.
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Better quality relationships associated with reduced dementia risk


Positive social support from adult children is associated with reduced risk of developing dementia, according to a new research.
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Image: A hand with a handgrip dynamometer; Copyright: Michigan Medicine

Weak grip - a strong predictor of metabolic disease and disability in adults


A Michigan Medicine researcher teamed up with colleagues in China to investigate muscular strength as a predictor of metabolic disorders and physical disabilities.
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Photo: Professor Nanys Gell with other women; Copyright: Sally McCay

Medicare recipients using rehabilitation services report major functional improvements


A new study showing significant patient-reported functional improvement among Medicare recipients who utilize rehabilitation services offers hope for America's 65-and-older set, which is expected to double by 2050. That's assuming Medicare - the nation's largest federal health insurance program for seniors - survives recent talk of its demise.
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Can unemployment increase stroke risk?


Unemployment appears to increase the risk of having a stroke in middle-age Japanese men and women, and may have similar implications in the U.S, according to new research published in the American Heart Association's journal Stroke.
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Antipsychotic medications can be reduced in dementia patients


The use of antipsychotic medication in nearly 100 Massachusetts nursing homes was significantly reduced when staff was trained to recognize challenging behaviors of cognitively impaired residents as communication of their unmet needs, according to a new study led by Jennifer Tjia, MD, MSCE, associate professor of quantitative health sciences.
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