Photo: Elderly women and an elderly man; Copyright: Baycrest Health Sciences

Dementia-related brain changes observed before problems are noticeable

22/05/2017

University of Toronto and Baycrest Rotman Research Institute (RRI) scientists have discovered a potential brain imaging predictor for dementia, which illustrates that changes to the brain's structure may occur years prior to a diagnosis, even before individuals notice their own memory problems.
Read more
Photo: Man walking using wireless signal; Copyright: Jason Dorfman, MIT CSAIL

MIT wireless device can see through walls to detect walking speed

10/05/2017

In a new paper, the team presents "WiGait," a device that can measure the walking speed of multiple people with 95 to 99 percent accuracy using wireless signals. By measuring this emerging vital sign, system could help monitor and diagnose health issues like cognitive decline and cardiac disease. The system is an update of a device that Katabi's team presented to President Obama in 2015.
Read more
Photo: Dr. Vladimir Hachinski; Copyright: Western University

Stroke prevention may also reduce dementia

10/05/2017

A new paper by researchers at Western University, Lawson Health Research Institute and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) shows there's been a decade-long drop in new diagnoses of both stroke and dementia in the most at-risk group - those who are 80 or older.
Read more
Photo: An older man getting some pills from a nurse; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Wavebreakmedia ltd

Adjusting meds may reduce fall risk in older adults

08/05/2017

Simply adjusting the dose of an older adult's psychiatric medication could reduce their risk of falling, a new University of Michigan study suggests.
Read more
Photo: The N2B consortium standing on and in front of some stairs; Copyright: Fraunhofer IGB

Nose2Brain – Better therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

08/05/2017

Over the next few years, in a research project funded by the EU, an international consortium is developing a new technology for a better treatment of multiple sclerosis. The idea of the innovative "Nose2Brain" approach is to transport a special active substance directly through the nose into the central nervous system.
Read more
Photo: Older patient talking to his doctor; Copyright: panthermedia.net/alexraths

The underestimated impact of hearing loss

05/05/2017

Doctors believe that communication with those under their care is important, but most studies of communication between physicians and older adults do not mention that hearing loss may affect this interaction. The findings come from a review published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
Read more
Photo: Group of elderly people laughing; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Creatista

Better quality relationships associated with reduced dementia risk

03/05/2017

Positive social support from adult children is associated with reduced risk of developing dementia, according to a new research.
Read more
Image: A hand with a handgrip dynamometer; Copyright: Michigan Medicine

Weak grip - a strong predictor of metabolic disease and disability in adults

03/05/2017

A Michigan Medicine researcher teamed up with colleagues in China to investigate muscular strength as a predictor of metabolic disorders and physical disabilities.
Read more
Photo: A tablet, written on it are the words

Research moves closer to unravelling mystery cause of multiple sclerosis

02/05/2017

A new study has made a major new discovery towards finding the cause of multiple sclerosis (MS), potentially paving the way for research to investigate new treatments. Ahead of MS Awareness Week an international team has discovered a new cellular mechanism that may cause the disease, and a potential hallmark that may be a target for future treatment of the autoimmune disorder.
Read more
Photo: Professor Nanys Gell with other women; Copyright: Sally McCay

Medicare recipients using rehabilitation services report major functional improvements

28/04/2017

A new study showing significant patient-reported functional improvement among Medicare recipients who utilize rehabilitation services offers hope for America's 65-and-older set, which is expected to double by 2050. That's assuming Medicare - the nation's largest federal health insurance program for seniors - survives recent talk of its demise.
Read more
Photo: Doctor examining woman using otoscope; Copyright: panthermedia.net/londondeposit

Study shows hearing tests miss common form of hearing loss

26/04/2017

Traditional clinical hearing tests often fail to diagnose patients with a common form of inner ear damage that might otherwise be detected by more challenging behavioral tests, according to the findings of a University at Buffalo-led study published in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience.
Read more
Photo: Girl injecting insulin; Copyright: panthermedia.net/imagepointfr

Rising of new diagnosed cases of type 1 and 2 diabetes among children, teens

21/04/2017

Rates of new diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increasing among youth in the United States, according to a report, Incidence Trends of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002-2012, published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Read more
Photo: Elderly patient with researchers; Copyright: Susanne Pallo

Retraining the brain to see after stroke

19/04/2017

Patients who went partially blind after having a stroke regained large swaths of rudimentary sight after undergoing visual training designed by researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center's Flaum Eye Institute.
Read more
Photo: Two physicians performing a deep brain stimulation; Copyright: Joshua Bright

Deep brain stimulation decreases tics in young adults with severe Tourette syndrome

17/04/2017

A surgical technique that sends electrical impulses to a specific area of the brain reduces the "tics," or involuntary movements and vocal outbursts, experienced by young adults with severe cases of Tourette syndrome, according to a new study led by investigators from NYU Langone Medical Center.
Read more
Photo: Massage therapist rubs patient's neck; Copyright: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

Study shows real-world massage is effective treatment for low back pain

17/04/2017

In the first study of its kind, researchers found real-world massage therapy to be an effective treatment for chronic low back pain.
Read more
Photo: woman measuring blood sugar; Copyright: panthermedia.net / imagepointfr

Diabetes control is more difficult for night-shift workers

14/04/2017

People with type 2 diabetes have poorer control over their blood glucose levels when they work the night shift compared with those who work in the daytime or are unemployed, a new study finds.
Read more
Photo: Driving with an Osseointegrated Prosthesis; Copyright: Susanne Lindholm

Hearing and touch mediate sensations via osseointegrated prostheses

12/04/2017

A new study has found that people with a prosthesis attached directly to their skeleton can hear by means of vibrations in their implant. This sound transmission through bones is an important part of osseoperception - sensory awareness of the patient's surroundings provided by their prosthesis.
Read more
Photo: Chelsea Deroche; Copyright: Justin Kelley/MU Health

Adults with disabilities screened less often for colorectal cancer

10/04/2017

Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in the United States, with nearly 135,000 cases reported in 2016. The likelihood of surviving colorectal cancer is strongly related to the stage in which it is diagnosed.
Read more
Photo: A boy holding an inhaler in his hand; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Wavebreakmedia ltd.

Asthmatic schoolchildren are 'uncomfortable' using their inhalers

10/04/2017

Poor asthma control and knowledge are common in children with doctor-diagnosed asthma, according to research by Queen Mary University of London. In a survey of nearly 700 secondary schoolchildren, half of them were not controlling their asthma optimally, a third with an inhaler said they were uncomfortable using it at school, and almost a third with an inhaler did not use it even when wheezy.
Read more