Image: A bud of the cannabis plant on a prescription form; Copyright: PantherMedia/TeriVirbickis

Survey: alternative medicine widespread among people with MS

08/07/2020

A new survey of more than 1,000 people with multiple sclerosis finds that an overwhelming majority use complementary and alternative medicine, with many using cannabis.
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Image: A woman is doing exercises with a gymnastic ball; Copyright: Marlene Abadias

Stay at home but do not stay still during the pandemic

08/07/2020

In a review article published in the American Journal of Physiology, Brazilian researchers present scientific evidence on the impact of short periods of inactivity on the cardiovascular system and recommend exercise to stay fit at home during the pandemic.
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Image: Different images of blue elastic insoles that have been 3D-printed; Copyright: Staffordshire University

3D printed insoles offer new hope for patients with diabetes

06/07/2020

Scientists from Staffordshire University claim that new 3D printed insoles can significantly improve the foot health of people suffering with diabetes. This study offers hope for millions of patients with diabetes who are at risk of developing foot ulcers, which in many cases end up in amputation.
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Image: Two women sit across a table, one pets a furry seal plushie, one looks at a monitor; Copyright: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

A furry social robot can reduce pain and increase happiness

03/07/2020

According to a new study by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers published in Scientific Reports, a one-time, hour-long session with a plush, seal-like social robot reduced pain and oxytocin levels, and increased happiness. The Japanese social robot, PARO, emits seal-like sounds and moves its head and flippers in response to being spoken to and touched.
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Image: A woman wears a white round sensor at her arm and uses a CGM device to measure her blood glucose; Copyright: PantherMedia/Click_and_Photo

CGM reduces hypoglycemia in older adults with type 1 diabetes

01/07/2020

Results from a six-month, multi-site clinical trial called the Wireless Innovation for Seniors with Diabetes Mellitus (WISDM) Study Group have been published by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).
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Image: A young boy with brown hair is sitting across the table from a young man. Between them, there are colored square blocks; Copyright: MU Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorder

A shorter IQ test for children with special needs

29/06/2020

For decades, neuropsychologists have used the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children test as the gold-standard intelligence quotient (IQ) test to determine the intellectual abilities of children with special needs. However, this comprehensive test can take up to 2 hours to complete, and many children with special needs have a difficult time participating in such long tests.
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Photo: Mother talking to her daughter sitting at a table opposite her brother; Copyright: Andi Weiland | Gesellschaftsbilder.de

Why inclusion is more important than ever amid the coronavirus crisis

25/06/2020

How are families of children with disabilities coping during the coronavirus crisis? A recent online survey asked this question, prompting over 1,600 participants to respond in just two weeks. What do the survey results reveal about the current state of society in terms of social participation and inclusion? We asked Dorothea Kugelmeier and Dr. Raimund Schmolze-Krahn, who launched the study.
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Photo: Gabrial Diaz with a woman using virtual reality glasses; Copyright: A. Sue Weisler

Virtual reality to help stroke patients regain lost vision

24/06/2020

Scientists from Rochester Institute of Technology and the University of Rochester aim to use virtual reality to help restore vision for people with stroke-induced blindness. The team of researchers led by Gabriel Diaz received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop a method they believe could revolutionize rehabilitation for patients with cortically induced blindness.
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Photo: Dr. Kevin Griffith showing some graphics at the computer; Copyright: Mackenzie Adams

Diabetes: Patient data can predict life expectancy

24/06/2020

A new study finds that clinicians can use patient data, such as a history of co-occurring health conditions and medication, to predict the 5- and 10-year life expectancy of older people with diabetes.
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Photo: Elderly woman enjoying music she listens to via headphones; Copyright: PantherMedia/AndreyPopov

A creative way to expand the geriatrics workforce

22/06/2020

Experts suggest that our current geriatrics workforce needs better preparation to care for the 5.7 million people living with dementia in the U.S. To help meet this challenge, the Institute of Medicine has called for enhancing educational and training programs for improving the competence of the workforce.
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Photo: Robotic hand typing on a laptop; Copyright: PantherMedia/ktsdesign

AI reduces communication gap for nonverbal people by as much as half

22/06/2020

Researchers have used artificial intelligence to reduce the communication gap for nonverbal people with motor disabilities who rely on computers to converse with others. The team developed a new context-aware method that reduces this communication gap by eliminating between 50 percent and 96 percent of the keystrokes the person has to type to communicate.
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Photo: Sapna Kudchadkar with a child in PICU; Copyright: Johns Hopkins Medicine

Many children in intensive care may not be getting rehabilitation therapy

19/06/2020

Adult patients in hospital intensive care units (ICUs) are often given rehabilitation therapy and urged to keep mobile from an early point in their hospital stays. However, the prevalence or lack of rehabilitation practices for critically ill children in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) across the nation has been not been solidly researched. But a new study gives insights now.
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Photo: Man in a wheelchair using a training device during rehabilitation; Copyright: PantherMedia/yacobchuk1

Time-saving high-intensity workouts can benefit people with spinal cord injuries

17/06/2020

Research from the Department of Kinesiology at McMaster University has found that the practical advantages of high-intensity interval training (HIIT), or short bursts of all-out exercise, could be especially beneficial for people who have experienced spinal cord injuries (SCI).
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Photo: Elderly woman wearing a nose and mouth protective mask against the Coronavirus; Copyright: PantherMedia/TaniaBertoni

COVID-19: Responding to challenges of older adults after infection

17/06/2020

Older adults with COVID-19 who survive hospitalizations and return to their homes confront substantial health challenges and an unpredictable future. Early evidence suggests that complex and long-term physical, functional, cognitive, and emotional negative health consequences will be the norm for them.
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Photo: Close up of a violin and a sheet of music; Copyright: PantherMedia/billiondigital

Mozart may reduce seizure frequency in people with epilepsy

15/06/2020

A new clinical research study by Dr. Marjan Rafiee and Dr. Taufik Valiante of the Krembil Brain Institute at Toronto Western Hospital, part of University Health Network, has found that a Mozart composition may reduce seizure frequency in patients with epilepsy.
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Graphic: Structure of the artificial eye with 3D retina; Copyright: HKUST

Scientists develop world's first spherical artificial eye with 3D retina

15/06/2020

An international team led by scientists at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) has recently developed the world's first 3D artificial eye with capabilities better than existing bionic eyes and in some cases, even exceed those of the human eyes, bringing vision to humanoid robots and new hope to patients with visual impairment.
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Photo: Splints adapted to the footwear of two children; Copyright: Staffordshire University

Orthotics breakthrough helps children with cerebral palsy

12/06/2020

Researchers have confirmed that adapting fine-tuned splints in combination with the footwear used by children with cerebral palsy to help them walk can decrease the energy they use by as much as 33 percent.
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Photo: Head of a depressed elderly woman with a hand on her shoulder; Copyright: PantherMedia/photographee

Repetitive negative thinking linked to dementia risk

10/06/2020

Persistently engaging in negative thinking patterns may raise the risk of Alzheimer's disease, finds a new UCL-led study. In the study of people aged over 55, published in Alzheimer's & Dementia, researchers found 'repetitive negative thinking' (RNT) is linked to subsequent cognitive decline as well as the deposition of harmful brain proteins linked to Alzheimer's.
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Photo: Girl with several electrodes on her head, in front of her a monitor showing brain signals; Copyright: PantherMedia/yacobchuk1

Stimulating research gives new treatment hope for Tourette Syndrome

10/06/2020

Scientists from the University of Nottingham's School of Psychology and School of Medicine used repetitive trains of stimulation to the median nerve (MNS) at the wrist to entrain rhythmic electrical brain activity - known as brain-oscillations - that are associated with the suppression of movements.
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Photo: An older man lies on the ground and presses a hand to his head, his wife kneels next to him and calls an ambulance; Copyright: PantherMedia/AndrewLozovyi

Coronavirus linked to stroke in otherwise healthy young people

08/06/2020

Young patients with no risk factors for stroke may have an increased risk if they have contracted COVID-19, whether or not they are showing symptoms of the disease. Surgeons at Thomas Jefferson University and collaborators analyzed patients presenting with stroke from March 20th until April 10th at their institutions. The strokes they observed were unlike what they usually see.
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Photo: hands of an older person, one hand massaging the other; Copyright: PantherMedia/Astrid Gast

Rheumatic pain: increasingly more patients taking opioids

08/06/2020

Fentanyl, tramadol or tilidine: New European figures show that even in Europe increasingly more people are taking opioids for pain connected with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. Current analysis from Catalonia, Spain convincingly shows that the consumption of opioids in patients with osteoarthritis (OA/arthrosis) in 2007 to 2016 increased from 15 to 25 percent in all patients recorded.
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Photo: Physician checking the eyes of an elderly man; Copyright: PantherMedia/minervastock

Vision loss influences perception of sound

05/06/2020

People with severe vision loss can less accurately judge the distance of nearby sounds, potentially putting them more at risk of injury, according to new research published in the journal "Scientific Reports".
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Image: e-glasses with descriptions; Copyright: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2020

Multifunctional e-glasses monitor health, protect eyes, control video game

03/06/2020

Fitness tracker bracelets and watches provide useful information, such as step count and heart rate, but they usually can't provide more detailed data about the wearer's health. Now, researchers have developed smart e-glasses that not only monitor a person's brain waves and body movements, but also can function as sunglasses and allow users to control a video game with eye motions.
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Image: shoe with the Kirigami grip inspired by snake skin; Copyright: Diemut Strebe/Harvard SEAS

Kirigami grips could help seniors keep their footing

03/06/2020

Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and MIT have developed pop-up shoe grips, inspired by snake skin, that can increase friction between the shoe and the ground. The assistive grips could be used, among other things, to reduce the risk of falling among older adults.
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Image: Child with cerebral palsy with a walking aid; Copyright: PantherMedia/jarenwicklund

How a network of hospitals reduced average age at cerebral palsy diagnosis to 9.5 months

02/06/2020

More than 50 percent of all eventual cerebral palsy (CP) cases spend time in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, making early CP evaluation a crucial element of any hospital's high-risk follow-up program. The earlier children are diagnosed, the better their chances of early access to evidence-based interventions targeted specifically for CP.
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Image: several images of the prosthesis in use; Copyright: Edgar Lobaton

Researchers incorporate computer vision and uncertainty into AI for robotic prosthetics

02/06/2020

Researchers have developed new software that can be integrated with existing hardware to enable people using robotic prosthetics or exoskeletons to walk in a safer, more natural manner on different types of terrain. The new framework incorporates computer vision into prosthetic leg control, and includes robust AI algorithms that allow the software to better account for uncertainty.
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Photo: Elderly woman in a meditation pose; Copyright: PantherMedia/AndrewLozovyi

Spirituality linked to higher quality of life for stroke survivors and caregivers

29/05/2020

Higher spirituality among stroke survivors was strongly linked to better quality of life for them and their caregivers who may also feel depressed, according to new research published in "Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes", an American Heart Association journal. May is American Stroke Month.
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Photo: Dr. Maximilian W. M. Wintergerst (second from right) trains ophthalmic assistants at the Sankara Eye Hospital in Bangalore, India; Copyright: University of Bonn/Sankara Eye Foundation

Inexpensive retinal diagnostics via smartphone

27/05/2020

Retinal damage due to diabetes is now considered the most common cause of blindness in working-age adults. In low- and middle-income countries, an eye examination via smartphone could help to detect changes at an early stage. This is shown by a new study carried out by scientists from the University of Bonn together with colleagues from Sankara Eye Hospital Bangalore (India).
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Photo: Pencil drawing of an eye, which is partly erased; Copyright: PantherMedia/lightsource

'Time is vision' after a stroke

27/05/2020

A person who has a stroke that causes vision loss is often told there is nothing she can do to improve or regain the vision she has lost. New research from the University of Rochester, published in the journal Brain, may offer hope to stroke patients in regaining vision.
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Graphic: A representative result of a person diabetic neuropathy; Copyright: UTSW

A sole mate to prevent diabetic foot ulcers

25/05/2020

A new cooling insole developed by UT Southwestern scientists reduced the foot temperature of patients with diabetic neuropathy by several degrees, diminishing a significant risk factor for diabetic foot ulcers. This new device could eventually prevent thousands of amputations that take place worldwide each year because of this condition.
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Photo: Prototype of the sensor for a cane; Copyright: Zahout-Heil

SmAccLab: Smart auxiliary means for everyone

28/05/2019

Accessible and realistic – that’s how auxiliary aids should be in the eyes of Professor Carsten Zahout. Students at the Smart Accessibility Laboratory (SmAccLab) are working on technical solutions that fulfill these requirements and lead to increased participation for people with disabilities. REHACARE.com found out how product engineering and inclusion join forces.
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Photo: An elderly woman catches ichó. The ball starts to glow in red-orange colors.; Copyright: ichó systems - icho-systems.de

"ichó brings people with and without dementia together and provides a way to share stories, experiences, and impressions."

22/04/2018

Like the golden sphere in the fairy tale of the Frog King, ichó (Greek for echo) is meant to bring back lost motor skills and cognitive functions to people with dementia. The project of four former graduates of the Düsseldorf University of Applied Sciences aims to offer individual support through a person’s favorite music or fairy tale.
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Photo: Cinderella and Niels of HelpCamps; Copyright: HelpCamps

HelpCamps: "Making assistive technology faster, more affordable and personalized"

23/11/2017

In accordance with the slogan "Nothing about us without us", the HelpCamps project aims at developing and implementing concepts and ideas together. To make this a reality, people with disabilities, companies from the assistive technology, care and assistance sectors, as well as stakeholders in the so-called maker movement and researchers, are brought together to network during various events.
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Photo: Marcus Rohrbach cuts fruits in kitchen, camera records scenes, computer screen in foreground

Will software automatically describe movie plots in the near future?

18/07/2016

In order to understand the plot of a movie an audio version is very helpful for visually impaired people. Authors watch the whole movies and describe what happens in each scene. But wouldn’t it be possible for a computer software to do this kind of work? Researchers work on developing a program which automatically generates movie descriptions and reads them out.
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