Image: woman in the dark in front of a luminous screen; Copyright: Maxwell Photography

New research could help predict seizures before they happen

19.06.2019

A new study has found a pattern of molecules that appear in the blood before a seizure happens. This discovery may lead to the development of an early warning system, which would enable people with epilepsy to know when they are at risk of having a seizure.
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Image: Dr. Steven Kahn talks with RISE participant Faamafi Faamafi Jr.; Copyright: Christopher Pacheco, VA Puget Sound Health Care System

Improvements in insulin release wane after treatment stops in adults with type 2 diabetes

19.06.2019

A set of clinical trials examining youth and adults with type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance has found that disease progression in adults slowed during medical treatment but resumed after treatment stopped. Youth on the same treatment had markedly poorer outcomes with continued disease progression both during and after the treatment.
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Image: two boys each raising one arm and holding a small baseball with the inscription “Diabetes TrialNet” in their other hand; Copyright: Benaroya Research Institute

Drug delays type 1 diabetes in people at high risk

17.06.2019

A treatment affecting the immune system effectively slowed the progression to clinical type 1 diabetes in high risk individuals, according to findings from National Institutes of Health-funded research. The study is the first to show that clinical type 1 diabetes can be delayed by two or more years among people who are at high risk.
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Image: woman in the lab uses a synthetic model to demonstrate how the spinal load simulator works; Copyright: Elvira Eberhardt / Uni Ulm

EU project 'iPSpine': Spinal disc under scrutiny

17.06.2019

Back pain is one of the leading causes for disability around the world. With a total of 15 million euros for five years, the European Union is funding a major European project which is radically breaking new ground in the treatment of degenerative disc disease. The 'iPSpine' project, coordinated by Utrecht University, combines innovative biomaterials with stem cell-based approaches.
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Photo: Laughing little boy with wristbands holding his hands to his forehead; Copyright: Catherine Hoyt

Wearable motion detectors identify motor deficits in children

14.06.2019

A wristwatch-like motion-tracking device can detect movement problems in children whose impairments may be overlooked by doctors and parents, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
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Photo: elderly woman in a wheelchair holding a rattle; Copyright: Care UK

Advancing dementia and its effect on care home relationships

12.06.2019

As dementia advances, in most cases it can change the behaviour displayed by those with the condition. Such changes in behaviour can bring strain to a wide-ranging network of relationships – from those between people with dementia and their professional carers or between those with dementia and their families – which in turn can affect the delivery of care.
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Image: Olaia Martinez; Copyright: Nuria González, UPV/EHU

Texture-modified foods for people with dysphagia

12.06.2019

The UPV/EHU's LaTex has spent the last 10 years developing its research projects in the field of diet adaptation for the group of people who have dysphagia. The Food Hydrocolloids journal has just published a piece of research entitled 'Sensory perception and flow properties of dysphagia thickening formulas with different composition'.
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Photo: Keck School of Medicine of USC, Los Angeles; Copyright: Ricardo Carrasco III

Diabetes: Study improves medication adherence of Latinos

10.06.2019

Latino adults have higher diabetes rates than non-Latinos, yet research shows they are less likely to follow medication instructions. Furthermore, diabetes can set off medical complications, that create a challenging daily regimen. In a study coming out of the Keck School of Medicine of USC, student researchers have identified several potential approaches for improving medication adherence.
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Photo: Senior with fall risk; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Enigmangels

Home exercise program: Reducing of falling in seniors

10.06.2019

An in-home exercise program reduced subsequent falls in high-risk seniors by 36 per cent, according the results of a 12-month clinical trial published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
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Photo: Mother gives pills to her child; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Dmyrto Z

Type 1 diabetes: Holidays disrupt drug routines

07.06.2019

Children with type 1 diabetes find it difficult to adhere to their drug routines during school holidays and weekends. Holiday distractions cause a 20 percent reduction in adherence to taking medications that assist managing their condition and other associated conditions, which may have serious consequences for their health.
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Photo: Physical activity researcher, Michael Wheeler; Copyright: Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute

Morning exercise can improve decision-making across the day in older adults

17.05.2019

A study of older Australians has found a morning bout of moderate-intensity exercise improves cognitive performance like decision-making across the day compared to prolonged sitting without exercise.
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Photo: Female patient at hospital discharge listens to their doctors prescription advice; Copyright: panthermedia.net/olesiabilkei

Patients with diabetes are more likely to be readmitted to the hospital

15.05.2019

Patients with diabetes and low blood glucose have higher rates of death following hospital discharge, according to a study.
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Photo: Physical therapist diagnosing patient with painful arm; Copyright: panthermedia.net/photographee.eu

Musculoskeletal conditions now second global cause of years lived with disability

15.05.2019

Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions, which affect the body's joints, bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments, now rank as the second leading global cause of years lived with a disability, reveals an analysis of international data, published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.
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Photo: Family member who moves a dementia patient across the premises in a wheelchair at an event; Copyright: panthermedia.net/ByLove

Teaching happiness to dementia caregivers reduces their depression

10.05.2019

Caring for family members with dementia - which is on the rise in the U.S. - causes significant emotional and physical stress that increases caregivers' risk of depression, anxiety and death.
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Photo: Senior woman spinning on a exercise bike in a gym; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Arne Trautmann

Exercise activates memory neural networks in older adults

06.05.2019

How quickly do we experience the benefits of exercise? A new University of Maryland study of healthy older adults shows that just one session of exercise increased activation in the brain circuits associated with memory - including the hippocampus - which shrinks with age and is the brain region attacked first in Alzheimer's disease.
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