Image: physician sits on a bed examining a man in a wheelchair, another man is sitting on a chair and watching them; Copyright: Kessler Foundation/Jody Banks

Promising treatment for shoulder pain in wheelchair users with spinal cord injury

21.06.2019

A New Jersey team of researchers has reported the successful, long-term relief of chronic refractory shoulder pain in a wheelchair user with spinal cord injury (SCI) following a single injection of autologous, micro-fragmented adipose tissue into the affected shoulder joint.
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Image: Dr. Steven Kahn talks with RISE participant Faamafi Faamafi Jr.; Copyright: Christopher Pacheco, VA Puget Sound Health Care System

Improvements in insulin release wane after treatment stops in adults with type 2 diabetes

19.06.2019

A set of clinical trials examining youth and adults with type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance has found that disease progression in adults slowed during medical treatment but resumed after treatment stopped. Youth on the same treatment had markedly poorer outcomes with continued disease progression both during and after the treatment.
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Image: woman in the dark in front of a luminous screen; Copyright: Maxwell Photography

New research could help predict seizures before they happen

19.06.2019

A new study has found a pattern of molecules that appear in the blood before a seizure happens. This discovery may lead to the development of an early warning system, which would enable people with epilepsy to know when they are at risk of having a seizure.
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Image: woman in the lab uses a synthetic model to demonstrate how the spinal load simulator works; Copyright: Elvira Eberhardt / Uni Ulm

EU project 'iPSpine': Spinal disc under scrutiny

17.06.2019

Back pain is one of the leading causes for disability around the world. With a total of 15 million euros for five years, the European Union is funding a major European project which is radically breaking new ground in the treatment of degenerative disc disease. The 'iPSpine' project, coordinated by Utrecht University, combines innovative biomaterials with stem cell-based approaches.
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Image: two boys each raising one arm and holding a small baseball with the inscription “Diabetes TrialNet” in their other hand; Copyright: Benaroya Research Institute

Drug delays type 1 diabetes in people at high risk

17.06.2019

A treatment affecting the immune system effectively slowed the progression to clinical type 1 diabetes in high risk individuals, according to findings from National Institutes of Health-funded research. The study is the first to show that clinical type 1 diabetes can be delayed by two or more years among people who are at high risk.
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Photo: elderly woman in a wheelchair holding a rattle; Copyright: Care UK

Advancing dementia and its effect on care home relationships

12.06.2019

As dementia advances, in most cases it can change the behaviour displayed by those with the condition. Such changes in behaviour can bring strain to a wide-ranging network of relationships – from those between people with dementia and their professional carers or between those with dementia and their families – which in turn can affect the delivery of care.
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Image: Olaia Martinez; Copyright: Nuria González, UPV/EHU

Texture-modified foods for people with dysphagia

12.06.2019

The UPV/EHU's LaTex has spent the last 10 years developing its research projects in the field of diet adaptation for the group of people who have dysphagia. The Food Hydrocolloids journal has just published a piece of research entitled 'Sensory perception and flow properties of dysphagia thickening formulas with different composition'.
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Photo: Keck School of Medicine of USC, Los Angeles; Copyright: Ricardo Carrasco III

Diabetes: Study improves medication adherence of Latinos

10.06.2019

Latino adults have higher diabetes rates than non-Latinos, yet research shows they are less likely to follow medication instructions. Furthermore, diabetes can set off medical complications, that create a challenging daily regimen. In a study coming out of the Keck School of Medicine of USC, student researchers have identified several potential approaches for improving medication adherence.
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Photo: Senior with fall risk; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Enigmangels

Home exercise program: Reducing of falling in seniors

10.06.2019

An in-home exercise program reduced subsequent falls in high-risk seniors by 36 per cent, according the results of a 12-month clinical trial published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
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Image: Two elephants hugging with their trunks; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Johan Swanepoel

How do blind adults learn about animal appearance?

03.06.2019

They have never seen animals like hippos and sharks, but adults born blind have rich insight into what they look like, a new Johns Hopkins University study found.
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Photo: Screenshots of the cognitive training game; Copyright: Tohoku University

Cognitive training game to improve driving skills among the elderly

27.05.2019

Researchers at Tohoku University have developed a new cognitive training game aimed at improving road safety among elderly drivers. The game, "Cognitive Training for Car Driving" (CTCD), requires only a set top box and a TV, and for users to play it regularly.
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Photo: Footage from virtual reality headset; Copyright: University of Cambridge

Virtual reality can spot navigation problems in early Alzheimer's disease

27.05.2019

Virtual reality (VR) can identify early Alzheimer's disease more accurately than 'gold standard' cognitive tests currently in use, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge. The study highlights the potential of new technologies to help diagnose and monitor conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, which affects more than 525,000 people in the UK.
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Photo: Physical activity researcher, Michael Wheeler; Copyright: Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute

Morning exercise can improve decision-making across the day in older adults

17.05.2019

A study of older Australians has found a morning bout of moderate-intensity exercise improves cognitive performance like decision-making across the day compared to prolonged sitting without exercise.
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Photo: Physical therapist diagnosing patient with painful arm; Copyright: panthermedia.net/photographee.eu

Musculoskeletal conditions now second global cause of years lived with disability

15.05.2019

Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions, which affect the body's joints, bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments, now rank as the second leading global cause of years lived with a disability, reveals an analysis of international data, published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.
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Photo: Female patient at hospital discharge listens to their doctors prescription advice; Copyright: panthermedia.net/olesiabilkei

Patients with diabetes are more likely to be readmitted to the hospital

15.05.2019

Patients with diabetes and low blood glucose have higher rates of death following hospital discharge, according to a study.
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Photo: Four-year-old springer spaniel named Murphy; Copyright: Jane Smith

Dogs reduce distress of patients waiting for emergency hospital care

13.05.2019

A visit from a dog can reduce the distress of patients waiting for emergency treatment in hospital, a study by the University of Saskatchewan (USask) shows.
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Photo: Family member who moves a dementia patient across the premises in a wheelchair at an event; Copyright: panthermedia.net/ByLove

Teaching happiness to dementia caregivers reduces their depression

10.05.2019

Caring for family members with dementia - which is on the rise in the U.S. - causes significant emotional and physical stress that increases caregivers' risk of depression, anxiety and death.
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